Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20180009
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Original Article

Scapular dyskinesis was not associated with pain and function in male adolescent athletes

Discinese escapular não está associada à dor e função no ombro dos adolescentes atletas

Valéria Mayaly Alves de Oliveira; Hitalo Andrade da Silva; Ana Carolina Rodarti Pitangui; Muana Hiandra Pereira dos Passos; Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Scapular dyskinesis has been associated to shoulder injuries and pain. However, this relationship with adolescent athletes is not well established. The objective of this study was to evaluate scapular dyskinesis in young athletes and its association with pain or shoulder function.

METHODS: 178 male adolescent athletes (14.58±2.16 years) were evaluated. The subjects completed the Quick Disability Arm Shoulder Hand questionnaire. Body mass, height, shoulder internal rotation and Closed Kinetic Chain Upper Extremity Stability test were measured. A dynamic visual method was applied to assess dyskinesis. Binary logistic regression was applied to analyze the association between dyskinesis and other variables. The comparison between groups with and without dyskinesis was made by the Mann-Whitney andt-test, accepting a statistical significance of p<0.05.

RESULTS: The dyskinesis prevalence was 56.7% and this condition was not associated with shoulder pain. Younger athletes are 159% more likely to have dyskinesis, while those who practice more than one hour a day for three times a week are 77% more likely to have the same outcome. No difference in shoulder function was found.

CONCLUSION: Scapular dyskinesis is not associated with pain and does not affect shoulder function in adolescent athletes. Sports modality, age and training volume seem to induce changes in scapula movement.

Keywords

Adolescents, Athletes, Athletic performance, Pain, Shoulder

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A discinese escapular tem sido associada a lesões e dor no ombro, no entanto essa relação em adolescentes atletas ainda não é bem definida. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a prevalência de discinese escapular em adolescentes atletas amadores e sua associação com a dor e medidas de função no ombro.

MÉTODOS: 178 adolescentes do sexo masculino (14,58±2,16 anos) participaram do estudo. Os sujeitos responderam ao questionário Quick Disability Arm Shoulder Hand. Também foram avaliados massa corporal, estatura, rotação interna do ombro e Closed Kinetic Chain Upper Extremity Stability. Para avaliação da discinese escapular, utilizou-se o método visual dinâmico. A regressão logística binária foi utilizada para analisar a associação entre discinese e as demais variáveis. A comparação entre os grupos com e sem discinese foi feita pelo teste te Mann-Whitney, sendo aceito significância estatística quando p<0,05.

RESULTADOS: A prevalência de discinese foi de 56,7% e essa condição não teve associação com dor no ombro. Atletas mais jovens têm 159% mais chances de apresentar discinese, enquanto aqueles que treinam mais de uma hora por dia, durante três vezes por semana, têm 77% mais chances de ter o mesmo desfecho. Nenhuma diferença na função do ombro foi encontrada.

CONCLUSÃO: A discinese escapular não está associada à dor e não altera medidas de função no ombro em adolescentes atletas. Modalidade, idade e volume de treinamento parecem induzir mudanças na movimentação escapular.

Palavras-chave

Adolescente, Atletas, Desempenho atlético, Dor, Ombro

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Submitted date:
09/03/2017

Accepted date:
01/22/2018

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