Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20180047
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Original Article

Prevalence of low back pain and associated factors among physiotherapy students

Prevalência e fatores associados a dor lombar em estudantes de fisioterapia

Markeyllanne Leocadio Morais; Vanessa Kely Oliveira Silva; José Mário Nunes da Silva

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Precise estimates about the prevalence of low back pain in college students, especially in physiotherapy students, are necessary to evaluate their development landscape, producing global health indicators for the investigated group and preventing habits that can accelerate the generation of the pain incapacitation process. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the factors associated with low back pain in physiotherapy students.

METHODS: A total of 410 undergraduate students were surveyed, answering questionnaires relating to socio-demographic data, health aspects, lifestyle and the Nordic Questionnaire for Musculoskeletal Symptoms to determine the presence of low back pain.

RESULTS: The prevalence of low back pain reported in the last year was 56.3% (95% CI: 51.5-61.2) and was associated with social class A and B, having an occupation, visited the doctor in the last 12 months, self-report of low back pain and to the year in course.

CONCLUSION: There was a high prevalence of low back pain in university students, so it is suggested that some measures are incorporated to understand the magnitude of the effects caused by this pain, and consequently find the best preventive and intervention strategies.

Keywords

Low back pain, Musculoskeletal pain, Prevalence, Risk factors, Students

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Estimativas precisas de prevalência de dor lombar em universitários, especialmente em estudantes de fisioterapia, são necessárias para avaliar o seu panorama de desenvolvimento, produzindo indicadores globais de saúde para o grupo investigado e prevenindo hábitos que possam acelerar a geração do processo de incapacitação pela dor. Portanto, este estudo teve como objetivo analisar os fatores associados à dor lombar em estudantes de fisioterapia.

MÉTODOS: Foram pesquisados 410 universitários, sendo aplicados questionários referentes a dados sociodemográficos, aspectos de saúde, estilo de vida e o Questionário Nórdico para Sintomas Osteomuscular para determinar a presença de dor lombar.

RESULTADOS: A prevalência de dor lombar relatada no último ano foi de 56,3% (IC95%: 51,5-61,2) e associou-se estatisticamente com classe social A e B, possuir ocupação, visitar o médico nos últimos 12 meses, autorrelato de dor lombar e ao ano do curso.

CONCLUSÃO: Houve alta prevalência de dor lombar nos universitários. Assim, sugere-se que sejam tomadas algumas medidas com intuito de compreender a dimensão dos efeitos que essa dor provoca, e consequentemente encontrar meios para melhores estratégias preventivas e de intervenção.

Palavras-chave

Dor lombar, Dor musculoesquelética, Estudantes, Fatores de risco, Prevalência

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Submitted date:
01/23/2018

Accepted date:
06/27/2018

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