Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20180066
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Original Article

Correlation between neuropathic pain and quality of life

Correlação entre dor neuropática e qualidade de vida

Flavia Cesarino Almeida; Amanda Castilho; Claudia Bernardi Cesarino; Rita de Cassia Helu Mendonça Ribeiro; Marielza Regina Ismael Martins

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Neuropathic pain is a complex, painful condition, difficult to diagnose and treat with a negative impact on patients’ health and quality of life. The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation between pain and quality of life, identifying the limiting aspects in the daily life of these individuals, so that patient education is recommended in the management of this condition.

METHODS: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted in a Pain Clinic with 61 patients diagnosed with neuropathic pain. The tools used to assess the quality of life were a semi-structured interview, the Douleur Neuropathique 4 Questions questionnaire, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF.

RESULTS: Of the patients, 57.3% were women, average age 50.6±13.12 years. As for the educational level, 59% attended elementary school, and 61% were married. In 39%, diseases were the main causes of pain and physical problems as the main changes after pain (57%). The majority of patients had a positive attitude towards neuropathic pain (68%). The physical domain was the most impaired in quality of life. All the domains of the quality of life assessment instrument had Cronbach’s alpha coefficients (<0.700) with average adherence, especially the general domain, with Cronbach’s alpha negative (-0.055).

CONCLUSION: Knowing the aspects of the impact of pain on patients’ quality of life comes to be a useful scientific resource in the clinical practice and encourages a model of educational intervention where the client is the main subject in managing their painful condition.

Keywords

Chronic pain, Education, Quality of life

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A dor neuropática é uma condição dolorosa complexa, de difícil diagnóstico e tratamento, que causa um impacto negativo na saúde e qualidade de vida dos pacientes. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a correlação entre a dor e a qualidade de vida, identificando os aspectos limitantes no cotidiano desses indivíduos para que a educação do paciente seja recomendada no gerenciamento dessa condição.

MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, transversal, realizado em uma Clínica da Dor, com 61 pacientes de diagnóstico clínico de dor neuropática. Foram utilizados uma entrevista semiestruturada, o questionário sobre dor neuropática Douleur Neuropathique 4 Questions e, para avaliar a qualidade de vida o questionário World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF.

RESULTADOS: Dos pacientes avaliados, 57,3% eram mulheres, média de idade 50,6±13,12 anos. Quanto ao nível educacional 59% frequentaram o ensino fundamental e, 61% eram casados. Em 39%, as doenças foram as principais causas de dor e, os problemas físicos como as principais mudanças após a dor (57%). A maioria dos pacientes apresentou atitude positiva em relação à dor neuropática (68%), o domínio físico foi o mais comprometido na qualidade de vida. Todos os domínios do instrumento de avaliação da qualidade de vida apresentaram coeficientes alfa de Cronbach (<0,700) com média aderência, especialmente o domínio geral, com alfa de Cronbach negativo (-0,055).

CONCLUSÃO: Conhecer os aspectos do impacto da dor na qualidade de vida dos pacientes apresenta-se como um recurso científico útil na prática clínica em saúde e estimula um modelo de intervenção educativa onde o paciente seja o principal sujeito do gerenciamento da sua condição dolorosa.

Palavras-chave

Dor crônica, Educação, Qualidade de vida

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Submitted date:
03/12/2018

Accepted date:
09/17/2018

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