Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20180068
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Review Article

Functional abdominal pain: an integrative review study from a biopsychosocial view

Dor abdominal funcional: um estudo de revisão integrativa do ponto de vista biopsicossocial

Bianca Aguiar Rodrigues Silva; Patrícia da Graça Leite Speridião; Karina Franco Zihlmann

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Abdominal pain is one of the most frequent complaints in Pediatric Gastroenterology and may be considered an intricate symptom difficult of immediate differential diagnosis. To perform an integrative review of functional abdominal pain in children.

CONTENTS: It included original and empirical national and international articles, between 2006 and 2016, from the Virtual Health Library, Virtual Health Library - Psychology Brazil (BVS-Psi Brazil) and Pubmed databases, in children aged 6 to 10 years old. The descriptors were: functional abdominal pain, children, gastroenterology. The thematic content was analyzed in the categories: etiology, prevalence, diagnosis process, treatment and intervention strategies and evaluation of coping strategies. Thirty-three articles on functional abdominal pain were found. Factors associated with somatization, anxiety, depression and children’s bowel habits were highlighted and should be carefully evaluated by health professionals. Parents may negatively influence the treatment when they adopt encouraging, monitoring, and hypervigilance attitudes.

CONCLUSION: Behavioral, dietary and pharmacological approaches are widely recommended in the treatment of functional abdominal pain. Regarding the emotional behavior, the psychological approach seems to promote good therapeutic results.

Keywords

Abdominal pain, Children, Gastroenterology, Integrative review

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A dor abdominal é uma das queixas mais frequentes em Gastroenterologia Pediátrica, podendo ser considerada um sintoma intrincado com dificuldade do diagnóstico diferencial imediato. Realizar revisão integrativa sobre dor abdominal funcional em crianças.

CONTEÚDO: Incluiu artigos originais e empíricos nacionais e internacionais, entre 2006 e 2016, nas bases de dados Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde - Psicologia Brasil (BVS-Psi Brasil) e Pubmed, em crianças entre 6 e 10 anos. Os descritores foram: dor abdominal funcional, criança, gastroenterologia. A temática foi analisada nas categorias: etiologia, prevalência, processo de diagnóstico, estratégias de tratamento e avaliação das estratégias de enfrentamento. Foram encontrados 33 artigos sobre dor abdominal funcional. Destacou-se fatores associados à somatização, ansiedade, depressão e hábitos evacuatórios das crianças, que devem ser cuidadosamente avaliados pelos profissionais de saúde. Os pais podem influenciar negativamente o tratamento quando adotam atitudes de encorajamento, monitoramento e hipervigilância.

CONCLUSÃO: Abordagens terapêuticas do tipo comportamental, dietética e farmacológica, são amplamente recomendadas no tratamento da dor abdominal funcional. Na vigência de comemorativos do comportamento emocional, a abordagem psicológica parece promover bons resultados terapêuticos.

Palavras-chave

Criança, Dor abdominal, Gastroenterologia, Revisão integrativa

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Submitted date:
06/15/2018

Accepted date:
09/04/2018

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