Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20190016
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Case Report

Effects of hydrokinesiotherapy in pain, trophism and muscle strength in a child with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Case report

Efeitos da hidrocinesioterapia na dor, no trofismo e na força muscular de uma criança com artrite idiopática juvenil. Relato de caso

Matheus Santos Gomes Jorge; Sabrina Casarin Vogelmann; Lia Mara Wibelinger

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a childhood rheumatic disease, which can interfere with the trophism and muscular strength of the individual due to persistent pain. Hydrokinesiotherapy may be an alternative in the management of this disease. The objective of this study was to verify the effects of hydrokinesiotherapy on pain, trophism and muscular strength of a child with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.

CASE REPORT: Female patient, 12 years old, diagnosed with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis one year ago. The pain was evaluated by the visual analog scale and the body pain map, the muscular trophism by the perimetry of the arms and thighs, and the muscular strength by isokinetic dynamometry at a speed of 240º. The hydrokinetic therapeutic intervention program (adaptation, warm up, mobility and flexibility, muscle strengthening, cardiorespiratory fitness, balance and proprioception, and relaxation) was carried from October to December 2017, once a week, for 1 hour, totaling 10 sessions. At the end, there was a decrease in pain by 2.7 points (moderate to mild), an increase in muscle trophism of the arms and right thigh in 1cm and an increase in the torque peak (progress ranging from 12.3 to 37.9%) and total work (progress ranging from 18.6 to 76.7%) in all muscle groups analyzed in both knees.

CONCLUSION: The hydrokinetic therapeutic intervention plan shown to be an effective strategy to alleviate the pain and increase trophism and muscle strength of the individual with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

Keywords

Chronic pain, Hydrotherapy, Juvenile arthritis, Muscle strength, Musculoskeletal system, Physiotherapy

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A artrite idiopática juvenil é uma doença reumática da infância, que pode interferir no trofismo e na força muscular do indivíduo, devido à dor persistente. A hidrocinesioterapia pode ser uma alternativa no manuseio dessa doença. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar os efeitos da hidrocinesioterapia na dor, no trofismo e na força muscular de uma criança com artrite reumatoide juvenil.

RELATO DO CASO: Paciente do sexo feminino, 12 anos de idade, diagnosticada com artrite reumatoide juvenil há um ano. Avaliou-se a dor por meio da escala analógica visual e do mapa de dor corporal; o trofismo muscular, por meio da perimetria dos braços e das coxas; e a força muscular, por meio da dinamometria isocinética em velocidade de 240º. O programa de intervenção hidrocinesioterapêutica (adaptação, aquecimento, mobilidade e flexibilidade, fortalecimento muscular, condicionamento cardiorrespiratório, equilíbrio e propriocepção e relaxamento) foi realizado nos meses de outubro a dezembro de 2017, uma vez por semana, durante 1 hora, totalizando 10 sessões. Ao fim, houve diminuição da dor em 2,7 pontos (de moderada a leve), aumento do trofismo muscular dos braços e da coxa direita em 01 cm e aumento do pico de torque (progresso que variou entre 12,3 e 37,9%) e do trabalho total (progresso que variou entre 18,6 e 76,7%) em todos os grupos musculares analisados, de ambos os joelhos.

CONCLUSÃO: O plano de intervenção hidrocinesioterapêutica mostrou-se como uma estratégia eficaz para o alívio da dor e aumento do trofismo e da força muscular do indivíduo com artrite idiopática juvenil.

Palavras-chave

Artrite juvenil, Dor crônica, Fisioterapia, Força muscular, Hidroterapia, Sistema musculoesquelético

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Submitted date:
08/30/2018

Accepted date:
12/20/2018

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