Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20190028
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Original Article

Self-reported musculoskeletal disorders by the nursing team in a university hospital

Distúrbios musculoesqueléticos autorreferidos na equipe de enfermagem em um hospital universitário

Edilson Gonçalves Maciel Júnior; Francis Trombini-Souza; Paula Adreatta Maduro; Fabrício Olinda Souza Mesquita; Tarcísio Fulgêncio Alves da Silva

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The hospital environment is considered to be unhealthy, and, moreover, the work performed by nursing professionals presents several risk factors for the development of pain. In this sense, the present study aims to analyze the musculoskeletal disorders in the nursing team and to correlate with the level of physical activity, anthropometric characteristics and the professional profile at the University Hospital in Petrolina, Pernambuco.

METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with 143 nursing professionals, of which 122 were female (37±7 years) and 21 were male (33±6 years). The individuals answered the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire.

RESULTS: Pain was reported in 77 volunteers, which corresponds to 53.8% of the sample. In 35 (24.4%) volunteers there was the presence of musculoskeletal disorders in more than one body segment. Regarding pain distribution by body segment, the higher prevalence's were observed in the lumbar region and the knees, both with 17.4%. In addition, there were associations between being male and pain in the elbows (PR=5.5, 95% CI: 1.1, 25.5, p=0.028) and ankles (PR=5.1, 95% CI: 1.3; 19.2, p=0.016), and pain and physical inactivity for the elbow segments (PR=3.4, 95% CI: 1.1, 10.3, p=0.027) and knees (PR=2.4, 95% CI: 1.1, 5.0, p=0.021).

CONCLUSION: It can be noticed that the prevalence of pain in the team of professionals analyzed was high and that the risk factors, such as physical inactivity and being male were associated with a greater onset of musculoskeletal disorders.

Keywords

Cumulative trauma disorders, Occupational health, Pain

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O ambiente hospitalar é considerado como insalubre, além disso, a atividade laboral desempenhada pelos profissionais de enfermagem apresenta diversos fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento de dor. Nesse sentido, o presente estudo teve por objetivo analisar os distúrbios musculoesqueléticos na equipe de enfermagem e correlacionar com o nível de atividade física, características antropométricas e o perfil profissional no Hospital Universitário em Petrolina, Pernambuco.

MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, com 143 profissionais de enfermagem, sendo 122 do sexo feminino (37±7 anos) e 21 do sexo masculino (33±6 anos). Os indivíduos responderam aos questionários Internacional de Atividade Física e ao Nórdico de Sintomas Osteomusculares.

RESULTADOS: Foi constatada a presença de dor em 77 voluntários, o que equivale a 53,8% da amostra. Em 35 (24,4%) voluntários houve a presença de distúrbios musculoesqueléticos em mais de um segmento corporal. Quanto à distribuição de dor por segmento corporal, foram observadas maiores prevalências na região lombar e nos joelhos, ambas com 17,4%. Além disso, foram verificadas associações entre o sexo masculino e dor nos cotovelos (RP=5,5, IC 95%:1,1;25,5, p=0,028) e tornozelos (RP=5,1, IC 95%:1,3;19,2, p=0,016), e dor e inatividade física para os segmentos em cotovelos (RP=3,4, IC 95%:1,1;10,3, p=0,027) e joelhos (RP= 2,4, IC95%: 1,1; 5,0, p=0,021).

CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se que a prevalência de dor na equipe de profissionais analisada foi elevada, e que fatores de risco como a inatividade física e o sexo masculino, foram associados com maior surgimento dos distúrbios musculoesqueléticos.

Palavras-chave

Dor, Saúde do Trabalhador, Transtornos traumáticos cumulativos

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Submitted date:
10/22/2018

Accepted date:
03/21/2019

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