Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20190045
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Original Article

Effects of exercises on pain and functional capacity in hospitalized cancer patients

Efeitos dos exercícios sobre a dor e a capacidade funcional em pacientes oncológicos hospitalizados

Cláudia Ranzi; Bibiana Ferrari Barroso; Douglas Roberto Pegoraro; Amanda Sachetti; Carla Wouters Franco Rockenbach; Leonardo Calegari

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There are few studies evaluating the effects of physiotherapy with multidimensional instruments on cancer pain. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of physiotherapy on pain and functional capacity in hospitalized cancer patients.

METHODS: This is a quasi-experimental study including 40 participants with a mean age of 51±18 years assessed before and after physiotherapy interventions, using the verbal numerical rating scale, the McGill Pain Questionnaire - Short Form, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, the Sit-to-Stand test, and the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group questionnaire for functional capacity evaluation. The participants were classified according to the number of performed sessions: group 1≤ 5 sessions (n=25) and group 2 ≥ 6 sessions (n=15).

RESULTS: There was a reduction in cancer pain measured by sensory (p=0.02) and mixed descriptors (p=0.05) of the McGill questionnaire as well as by the numerical visual scale (p=0.03) in patients who performed at least six physiotherapy sessions. There was a significant correlation (r=0.81; p<0.001) between the reduction in pain measured by the numerical visual scale and the reduction in pain measured by the Total McGill questionnaire. There were no significant differences in the Sit-to-Stand test and the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group functional capacity questionnaire.

CONCLUSION: At least six sessions of physiotherapy with emphasis on kinesiotherapy were needed to promote a reduction of cancer pain in hospitalized patients. We recommend the use of multidimensional instruments in the evaluation of cancer pain in hospitalized patients submitted to physiotherapy.

Keywords

Cancer pain, Neoplasm, Pain measurement, Physiotherapy

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: São escassos os estudos que avaliaram os efeitos da fisioterapia sobre a dor oncológica com instrumentos multidimensionais. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da fisioterapia sobre a dor e a capacidade funcional em pacientes oncológicos hospitalizados.

MÉTODOS: Estudo quase-experimental, composto por 40 participantes com idade média de 51±18 anos, avaliados pré e pós intervenção fisioterapêutica pela escala verbal numérica, Questionário de Dor de McGill, Questionário Internacional de Atividade Física, teste de sentar e levantar da cadeira e capacidade funcional pelo questionário Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group. Os participantes foram estratificados de acordo com o número de sessões realizadas em grupo 1 ≤ 5 atendimentos (n=25) e grupo 2 ≥ 6 atendimentos (n=15).

RESULTADOS: Houve redução da dor oncológica mensurada pelos descritores sensitivo (p=0,02) e misto (p=0,05) do questionário de McGill e na escala visual numérica (p=0,03) nos pacientes que realizaram no mínimo seis sessões de fisioterapia. Houve correlação significativa (r=0,81; p<0,001) entre a redução da dor mensurada pela escala visual numérica e a redução da dor mensurada pelo questionário McGill Total. Não houve diferenças significativas no teste de sentar e levantar e no questionário de capacidade funcional pelo Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group.

CONCLUSÃO: Foram necessárias no mínimo seis sessões de fisioterapia com ênfase na cinesioterapia para promover redução da dor oncológica em pacientes hospitalizados. Recomenda-se o uso do instrumento multidimensional na avaliação da dor oncológica em pacientes hospitalizados submetidos à fisioterapia.

Palavras-chave

Dor do câncer, Fisioterapia, Mensuração da dor, Neoplasia

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Submitted date:
12/09/2018

Accepted date:
07/02/2019

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