Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20190047
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Original Article

Proposal of the instrument work-related musculoskeletal disorders index

Proposta do instrumento índice de distúrbios osteomusculares relacionados ao trabalho

Paulo Wenderson Teixeira Moraes; Antonio Virgílio Bittencourt Bastos

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The measurement of pain and discomfort from work-related musculoskeletal disorders is a conceptual and empirical challenge, considering the cognitive and subjective processes involved in the evaluation of somatic symptoms. The objective of this study was to construct a work-related musculoskeletal disorders index to evaluate musculoskeletal discomfort in workers with and without repetitive strain injuries/work-related musculoskeletal disorders, a syndrome that affects thousands of workers every year.

METHODS: The sample was composed of 182 bank clerks from the State of Bahia, 91 of whom were diagnosed with the syndrome.

RESULTS: The work-related musculoskeletal disorders index had a frequency distribution similar to the normal curve, with averages of 7.1 and 4.1 for the groups with and without a diagnosis, respectively.

CONCLUSION: In addition to the adequate psychometric properties, the proposed index was able to differentiate, satisfactorily, workers with and without a diagnosis of repetitive strain injuries/work-related musculoskeletal disorders.

Keywords

Pain, Pain measurement, Repetitive strain injuries, Work-related musculoskeletal disorders

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A mensuração da dor e do desconforto oriundos de distúrbios osteomusculares relacionados ao trabalho é um desafio conceitual e empírico, tendo em vista os processos cognitivos e subjetivos envolvidos na avaliação de sintomas somáticos. O objetivo deste estudo foi construir um índice de distúrbios osteomusculares relacionados ao trabalho para avaliar o desconforto osteomuscular entre trabalhadores com e sem lesões por esforço repetitivo/distúrbios osteomusculares relacionados com o trabalho, uma síndrome que acomete milhares de trabalhadores todo o ano.

MÉTODOS: Participaram da amostra 182 bancários do Estado da Bahia, sendo que 91 deles tinham o diagnóstico da síndrome.

RESULTADOS: O índice de distúrbios osteomusculares relacionados ao trabalho apresentou distribuição de frequência semelhante à da curva normal, com médias de 7,1 e 4,1 para os grupos com e sem diagnóstico, respectivamente.

CONCLUSÃO: Além das propriedades psicométricas adequadas, o índice proposto se mostrou capaz de diferenciar, satisfatoriamente, trabalhadores com e sem diagnóstico de lesões por esforço repetitivo.

Palavras-chave

Distúrbios osteomusculares associados ao trabalho, Dor, Lesões por esforço repetitivo, Mensuração da dor

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Submitted date:
10/31/2018

Accepted date:
07/29/2019

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