Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20190065
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Review Article

Auriculotherapy: neurophysiology, points to choose, indications and results on musculoskeletal pain conditions: a systematic review of reviews

Auriculoterapia: neurofisiologia, pontos de escolha, indicações e resultados em condições dolorosas musculoesqueléticas: revisão sistemática de revisões

Dérrick Patrick Artioli; Alana Ludemila de Freitas Tavares; Gladson Ricardo Flor Bertolini

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Auriculotherapy is widely used to relieve painful conditions, therefore, allowing systematic reviews on the subject. However, they did not propose a unified bank of points of possible choice, their possible combinations or described the location of such points, thus making it the objective of this study.

CONTENTS: The systematic review of revisions methodology (Overview) was chosen to achieve the proposed goal. The quality of such material was ascertained by the tool Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews, and the databases consulted were PEDro database, Pubmed, Scielo, and LILACS. The keywords and boolean index applied were: auriculotherapy AND pain; ear acupuncture AND pain, ear acupressure AND pain; auricular therapy and pain; auricular medicine AND pain. A total of 242 studies were found, but only six were systematic reviews in humans involving pain and auriculotherapy alone (without association with another technique). The methodological quality of the studies was high (8-10/11 Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews). There is variability in the neurophysiological explanation of action, many possible disorders that can be approached with auriculotherapy (acute, chronic, trauma, pre- and postoperative pain among others). Auriculotherapy showed to be promising in the remission of the pain, adjunct to the conventional treatment, low risk, cost, and easy administration.

CONCLUSION: There are several ways of justifying its neurophysiological effects, and the most used points were ShenMen, the corresponding somatotopic region and the cavum conchae region (vagal stimulation). Auriculotherapy meets the needs of an immense possibility of painful musculoskeletal conditions, with favorable and promising results.

Keywords

Auriculotherapy, Modalities of physiotherapy, Pain, Physiotherapy, Rehabilitation, Traditional Chinese Medicine

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A auriculoterapia é amplamente utilizada para o alívio de condições dolorosas, portanto, com número considerável de estudos, permitindo a realização de revisões sistemáticas no assunto. No entanto, não propuseram um banco unificado de pontos de possível escolha, suas possíveis combinações ou descreveram a localização de tais pontos, tornando-se então, o objetivo deste estudo.

CONTEÚDO: Optou-se por uma revisão sistemática de revisões (Overview). A qualidade de tal material foi realizada por intermédio da ferramenta Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews e as bases de dados consultadas foram: PEDro, Pubmed, Scielo e LILACS. As palavras-chaves e índice booleano aplicados como a seguir: Auriculotherapy AND pain; ear acupuncture AND pain, ear acupressure AND pain; auricular therapy AND pain; auricular medicine AND pain. Foram encontrados primariamente 242 estudos, mas apenas seis eram revisões sistemáticas em humanos, envolvendo dor e apenas auriculoterapia (sem associação a outra técnica). A qualidade metodológica dos estudos foi alta (8-10/11 - Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews). Há variabilidade na explicação neurofisiológica de ação, muitas possibilidades de afecções que podem ser abordadas com auriculoterapia (dores agudas, crônicas, por traumas, pré e pós-operatórias entre outras). A auriculoterapia apresentou-se como promissora na remissão da dor, meio adjunto ao tratamento convencional, baixo risco, custo e de fácil administração.

CONCLUSÃO: A auriculoterapia apresenta diversas formas de justificar seus efeitos neurofisiológicos e os pontos mais utilizados foram ShenMen, a região somatotópica correspondente e a região da concha cava (estimulação vagal). Atende uma imensa possibilidade de condições dolorosas musculoesqueléticas, com resultados favoráveis e promissores.

Palavras-chave

Auriculoterapia, Dor, Fisioterapia, Medicina Tradicional Chinesa, Modalidades da fisioterapia, Reabilitação

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Submitted date:
02/25/2019

Accepted date:
05/20/2019

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