Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20190070
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Review Article

In vivo methods for the evaluation of anti-inflammatory and antinoceptive potential

Métodos in vivo para avaliação do potencial anti-inflamatório e antinociceptivo

Silvio de Almeida Junior

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The constant search for bioactive compounds with anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activities are of interest to research centers. For the characterization of these activities, trials on guinea pigs are necessary. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to demonstrate some methods to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive potential of natural products.

CONTENTS: A stimulus is required to evaluate these activities, and the induction of inflammatory or nociceptive process can be by chemical inducers like formaldehyde, carrageenan, among others, or electronic equipment such as the hot plate. For all assays, the baseline and post-dose measurement of the studied compound is always compared with a control group. The planning of the experiment, as well as its conduct in accordance with well-established protocols, are important tools in the success of the work. The tests presented evaluated the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activity as well as the mechanisms involved.

CONCLUSION: It was possible to evaluate that the tests present in the literature today meet the researcher’s need for the elucidation of the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activity of new compounds.

Keywords

Abdominal contortion, Formalin, Hot plate, Paw edema

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A busca constante por compostos bioativos com atividade anti-inflamatória e antinociceptiva são de interesse dos centros de pesquisas. Para a caracterização dessas atividades são necessários ensaios em cobaias. Frente a isso, o objetivo deste estudo foi demonstrar alguns métodos para a avaliação do potencial anti-inflamatório e antinociceptivo de produtos naturais.

CONTEÚDO: Para a avaliação dessas atividades é necessário um estímulo, sendo que a indução de processo inflamatório ou nociceptivo pode ser por indutores químicos como formol, carragenina, entre outros, ou ainda, equipamentos eletrônicos como placa quente. Para todos os ensaios, sempre é realizada a mensuração basal e posterior à administração do composto que está sendo estudado em comparação com um grupo controle. O planejamento do experimento, assim como toda a condução conforme protocolos já bem ilustrados, são ferramentas importantes no êxito do trabalho. Os testes apresentados avaliaram atividade antinociceptiva e anti-inflamatória assim como mecanismos envolvidos.

CONCLUSÃO: Foi possível avaliar que os testes presentes na literatura hoje, atendem a necessidade do pesquisador na elucidação da atividade anti-inflamatória e atividade antinociceptiva de novos compostos.

Palavras-chave

Contorção abdominal, Edema de pata, Formalina, Placa quente

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Submitted date:
03/18/2019

Accepted date:
06/25/2019

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