Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20200005
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Original Article

Health biopsychosocial aspects of students and collaborators of a higher education institution suffering from headache

Aspectos biopsicossociais da saúde de estudantes e funcionários de uma instituição de ensino superior portadores de cefaleia

Bruna Pereira Pessigatti; Ana Paula Costa Rodrigues; Pâmela Valério Aguiar; Fabiano Moura Dias

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Headache is considered a common health condition in doctors’ offices around the world. It is an unpleasant sensory experience that will be experienced by the individual at least once in their life, be it an adult or child. The main challenge is to make an accurate diagnosis due to the signs and symptoms that may be related to other diseases. Its etiology is multifactorial and is often related to the individual’s biopsychosocial condition. Thus, headache results in significant physical and emotional impact on the patient. The objective of this study was to identify the biopsychosocial aspects of the health of students and employees with headache from a higher education institution in the city of Vila Velha/ES.

METHODS: This research was a cross-sectional analytical study conducted from March to May 2019. The convenience sample consisted of 51 individuals of both genders, aged between 18 and 59 years old, who reported headaches.

RESULTS: Fifty-one individuals (female=41 and male=10) participated in the study; most individuals were single (n=38, 74.5%) and had no children (n=40, 78.4%); 62.7% were students and 32.7% were employees. The average time since the perception of the symptom was 105±118.3 months. According to the visual analog scale, the total average pain was 6.6±1.8. The impact of headache was measured by the migraine deficiency assessment questionnaire which showed 52.9% of individuals with a severe impact. This result resembles sleep disorders (58.8%), confirming that the headache is debilitating in the population studied.

CONCLUSION: It was observed that female students had a higher prevalence of headache and that the most prevalent type of pain is migraine, with an impact on the overall functionality of individuals.

Keywords

Headache, Migraine disorders, Physical therapy specialty, Sleep

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A dor de cabeça é considerada uma condição de saúde comum em consultórios médicos em todo o mundo. É uma experiencia sensorial desagradável que será experimentada pelo indivíduo, pelo menos uma vez na vida, seja ele adulto ou criança. O principal desafio é realizar um diagnóstico preciso devido aos sinais e sintomas que podem estar relacionados a outras doenças. Sua etiologia é multifatorial e frequentemente está relacionada à condição biopsicossocial do indivíduo. Dessa forma, a cefaleia resulta em grande impacto físico e emocional no paciente. O objetivo deste estudo foi conhecer os aspectos biopsicossociais da saúde de estudantes e funcionários com dor de cabeça em uma instituição de ensino superior da cidade de Vila Velha/ES.

MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo do tipo transversal analítico, realizado entre março e maio de 2019. A amostra foi de conveniência e composta por 51 indivíduos, de ambos os sexos, com idade entre 18 e 59 anos e que apresentassem relato de dor de cabeça.

RESULTADOS: Cinquenta e um indivíduos (feminino=41 e masculino=10) participaram do estudo; a maioria dos indivíduos era solteira (n=38, 74,5%) e não tinha filhos (n=40, 78,4%); 62,7% eram estudantes e 32,7% eram empregados. O tempo médio de percepção dos sintomas foi de 105±118,3 meses. De acordo com a escala analógica visual, a dor média total foi de 6,6±1,8. O impacto da dor de cabeça foi mensurado pelo questionário de avaliação da deficiência de enxaqueca que apresentou 52,9% dos indivíduos com um impacto grave. Esse resultado se assemelha aos distúrbios do sono (58,8%), confirmando que a dor de cabeça é debilitante na população estudada.

CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se que as mulheres estudantes apresentaram maior prevalência de cefaleia e que o tipo de dor mais prevalente é a enxaqueca, com impacto na funcionalidade geral dos indivíduos.

Palavras-chave

Cefaleia, Fisioterapia, Sono, Transtornos de enxaqueca

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Submitted date:
07/03/2019

Accepted date:
12/10/2019

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