Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20200026
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Original Article

Pain education to women with fibromyalgia using the DolorÔmetro game

Educação em dor de mulheres portadoras de fibromialgia com o jogo DolorÔmetro

Rayssa Maria do-Nascimento; Jaely Beatriz da Silva Maia; Suzy Araújo de-Medeiros; Hugo Jário de Almeida Silva; Caio Alano de Almeida Lins; Marcelo Cardoso de-Souza

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Doubts and questions about the general aspects of pain, maladaptive beliefs, knowledge about pain neurophysiology, and its impact on exercise are common in fibromyalgia patients. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge about pain in women with fibromyalgia through the DolorÔmetro game.

METHODS: A quasi-experimental study with a qualitative and quantitative approach. Twenty women with a clinical diagnosis of fibromyalgia and aged 18 to 60 years were evaluated. The patients answered two questions at the beginning and end of the game. The intervention consisted of the use of 9 cards from the six domains of the game DolorÔmetro to motivate discussions about the theme.

RESULTS: The sample had a mean age of 50.6±9.6 years and a diagnostic time of 6.5±4.6 years. The number of hits and errors in each domain was observed. In the “acceptance” domain, four errors were found in statement 1 and twelve in statement 2. In the “attitudes” domain, only two in statement 4 and one in statement 8. In the “kinesiophobia” domain, all errors were only in statement 2. In the “knowledge” domain, nineteen women missed statement 3. In the “anxiety” domain, fifteen women missed statement 1. Finally, in the “catastrophic” domain, ten women missed statement 2.

CONCLUSION: Conducting an education in pain, lasting in one hour in a single moment, contributed to the participants expressing their doubts and previous questions and after the moment of education, however doubts persisted in the domains of acceptance, kinesiophobia, knowledge and anxiety.

Keywords

Chronic pain, Fibromyalgia, Health education, Physiotherapy, Rheumatology

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: As dúvidas e questionamentos sobre os aspectos gerais da dor, crenças mal adaptativas, conhecimento sobre neurofisiologia da dor e seu impacto na realização de exercícios são comuns nas pacientes com fibromialgia. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o conhecimento sobre dor em mulheres com fibromialgia, por meio do jogo DolorÔmetro.

MÉTODOS: Estudo quase-experimental com abordagem quali-quantitativa. Foram avaliadas 20 mulheres com diagnóstico clínico de fibromialgia com idade de 18 a 60 anos. As pacientes responderam duas perguntas no momento inicial e final do jogo. A intervenção consistiu no uso de 9 cartas a partir dos 6 domínios aceitação, atitudes, cinesiofobia, conhecimento, ansiedade e catastrofismo, do jogo DolorÔmetro para motivar as discussões sobre a temática.

RESULTADOS: A média de idade foi 50,6±9,6 anos e o tempo diagnóstico de 6,5±4,6 anos. Foi avaliado o número de acertos e erros de cada domínio. No domínio “aceitação” foram 4 erros na afirmação 1 e 12 erros na afirmação 2. No domínio “atitudes”, 2 na afirmação 4 e 1 na afirmação 8. No domínio “cinesiofobia”, nenhum acerto na afirmação 2. No domínio “conhecimento”, 19 erraram a afirmação 3. No domínio “ansiedade”, 15 erraram a afirmação 1. No domínio “catastrofismo” 10 erraram a afirmação 2.

CONCLUSÃO: Realizar educação em dor, com duração de uma hora em único momento, contribuiu para as participantes expressarem suas dúvidas e questionamentos prévios e após o momento de educação, porém persistiram dúvidas referentes aos domínios aceitação, cinesiofobia, conhecimento e ansiedade.

Palavras-chave

Dor crônica, Educação em saúde, Fibromialgia, Fisioterapia, Reumatologia

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Submitted date:
10/02/2019

Accepted date:
03/30/2020

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