Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20200028
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Review Article

Spirituality in coping with pain in oncological patients: systematic review

A espiritualidade no enfrentamento da dor em pacientes oncológicos: revisão sistemática

Sharon Shyrley Weyll Oliveira; Rayzza Santos Vasconcelos; Verônica Rabelo Santana Amaral; Katia Nunes Sá

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The relationship between spirituality and cancer coping is still a challenge for comprehensive health care. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze whether the level of spirituality directly interferes with clinical markers, such as pain intensity in people with cancer. The present study aims to investigate the relationship between spirituality and pain coping and the strategies used in adult cancer patients.

CONTENTS: This is a systematic review, registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews: CRD42018108835. The search was performed in Pubmed, Medline, LILACS, Scielo, and ScienceDirect databases until May 2019, available in all languages. The search strategy was defined for the PubMed database as a parameter: (neoplasms or cancer) AND (spirituality) AND (pain). Adults patients with cancer of both genders who faced pain were studied. Studies that did not address the pain associated with spirituality were excluded. Of the 588 studies found, 13 were eligible. Among these, nine studies showed that spirituality contributes to positive pain coping. Regarding the level of spirituality, higher spiritual well-being was associated with lower pain intensity in three studies. The spiritual strategies used were mindfulness, meditation, relaxation, prayer, support from religious leaders and members.

CONCLUSION: Despite the few studies found, the findings broaden the knowledge about the positive relationship between spirituality and pain coping and underline the spiritual strategies for the management of this health condition in cancer patients.

Keywords

Cancer Pain, Neoplasms, Spirituality

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A relação entre espiritualidade e enfrentamento do câncer ainda é um desafio para o cuidado integral em saúde. Portanto, é necessário analisar se o nível de espiritualidade interfere diretamente nos marcadores clínicos, como na intensidade da dor em pessoas com câncer. O presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar a relação da espiritualidade com o enfrentamento da dor e as estratégias utilizadas em pacientes adultos oncológicos.

CONTEÚDO: Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática, com registro na base International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews: CRD42018108835. A busca foi realizada nas bases: Pubmed, Medline, LILACS, Scielo e ScienceDirect até maio de 2019, disponíveis em todos os idiomas. A estratégia de pesquisa foi definida para o banco de dados Pubmed como um parâmetro: (neoplasms or cancer) AND (spirituality) AND (pain). Foram estudados adultos com neoplasias, de ambos os sexos, que enfrentam a dor. Os estudos que não abordaram a dor associada à espiritualidade foram excluídos. Foram encontrados 588 estudos, sendo 13 elegíveis. Entre esses, nove estudos mostraram que a espiritualidade contribuiu no enfrentamento positivo da dor. Com relação ao nível de espiritualidade, o maior bem-estar espiritual esteve associado com menor intensidade da dor em três estudos. As estratégias espirituais utilizadas foram, mindfulness, meditação, relaxamento, oração, suporte de líderes e membros religiosos.

CONCLUSÃO: Apesar dos poucos estudos encontrados, os achados ampliam o conhecimento sobre a relação positiva da espiritualidade com o enfrentamento da dor e evidencia as estratégias espirituais para o manejo dessa condição de saúde em pacientes oncológicos.

Palavras-chave

Dor do câncer, Espiritualidade, Neoplasias

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Submitted date:
10/01/2019

Accepted date:
03/15/2020

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