Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20200030
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Original Article

Evaluation of nociception induced by whole-body vibration remobilization in Wistar rats

Avaliação da nocicepção induzida pela remobilização com vibração de corpo inteiro em ratos Wistar

Maria Luiza Serradourada Wutzke; Ana Luiza Peretti; Lucinéia de Fátima Chasko Ribeiro; Alberito Rodrigo de Carvalho; Gladson Ricardo Flor Bertolini

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The vibrating platform can attenuate the deleterious effects of immobilization related to muscle atrophy. However, there is still a gap regarding the effect of this modality on hyperalgesia related to immobilization. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of remobilization with whole-body vibration on the nociception of Wistar rats.

METHODS: Sixteen rats were randomly distributed into two groups: the FRG group - immobilization and free remobilization and the VPRG - immobilization and remobilization with the vibrating platform. For remobilization with the vibrating platform, the frequency of 60Hz for 10 minutes, five days a week for two weeks was used. The nociception was evaluated on the right paw by a digital analgesiometer, before and at the end of the immobilization, and after two weeks of remobilization.

RESULTS: There were differences between evaluations but not between groups, indicating that immobilization reduced the nociceptive threshold and free remobilization, and the remobilization associated with vibration improved the nociceptive threshold compared to the post-immobilization moment. However, they were not able to return to the initial parameters.

CONCLUSION: Joint immobilization reduced the nociceptive threshold; however, two weeks of whole-body vibration remobilization were not able to revert the threshold in the immobilized groups.

Keywords

Hyperalgesia, Immobilization, Vibration

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A plataforma vibratória pode atenuar os efeitos deletérios da imobilização relacionados à atrofia muscular, contudo, ainda há uma lacuna com relação ao efeito desta modalidade na hiperalgesia relacionada ao imobilismo. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o efeito da remobilização com plataforma vibratória sobre a nocicepção de ratos Wistar.

MÉTODOS: Dezesseis ratos foram distribuídos aleatoriamente no grupo GRL - imobilização e remobilização livre, e no grupo GRPV - imobilização e remobilização com plataforma vibratória. Para a remobilização com plataforma vibratória foi utilizada a frequência de 60Hz, durante 10 minutos, cinco dias por semana, durante duas semanas. A nocicepção foi avaliada na pata direita, por meio de um analgesímetro digital, antes e ao final da imobilização, e após duas semanas de remobilização.

RESULTADOS: Houve diferenças entre as avaliações, mas não entre os grupos, indicando que a imobilização reduziu o limiar nociceptivo, e a remobilização livre e associada à vibração melhoraram o limiar nociceptivo comparados com o momento pós-imobilização, no entanto, não foram capazes de retornar aos parâmetros iniciais.

CONCLUSÃO: A imobilização articular reduziu o limiar nociceptivo. No entanto, duas semanas de remobilização com a vibração de corpo inteiro não foram capazes de reverter o limiar nos grupos imobilizados.

Palavras-chave

Hiperalgesia, Imobilização, Vibração

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Submitted date:
02/11/2020

Accepted date:
04/15/2020

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