Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20200034
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Review Article

Frequency of musculoskeletal symptoms among police officers: systematic review

Frequência de sintomas musculoesqueléticos entre policiais: revisão sistemática

Eduardo Frio Marins; Luana Siqueira Andrade; Marcio Botelho Peixoto; Marcelo Cozzensa da Silva

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Musculoskeletal symptoms are considered one of the major health problems among police officers. However, no study has synthesized the frequency of these disorders in different parts of the body in this population. The study aimed to describe the frequency of musculoskeletal symptoms in different body regions of the police officers.

CONTENTS: A search was conducted in the electronic databases Pubmed/Medline, Web of Science, LILACS, and Scielo, as well as a manual search in the references of the articles. Ten of the 4025 possible studies found were included, which reported different types of musculoskeletal symptoms frequency in different body regions and periods. The frequency of musculoskeletal symptoms within 12 months ranged from 42-52% for the lower back, 34-43% for the knees, 7-32% for the shoulders, 7-27% for the wrists/hands/fingers, 29-42% for the neck, 18-28% for ankle/foot, 8-10% for elbow, 22-45% for upper back and 12-18% for hip/thigh.

CONCLUSION: The frequency of musculoskeletal symptoms in police officers was high, especially in the lumbar, dorsal, knee, neck, and shoulder regions. Preventive measures such as physical activity and ergonomic adaptations to reduce these symptoms in this population are necessary.

Keywords

Epidemiology, Pain, Police, Prevalence

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Os sintomas musculoesqueléticos são considerados um dos maiores problemas de saúde entre policiais, porém nenhum estudo sintetizou a frequência desses distúrbios em diferentes partes do corpo nessa população. O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever a frequência dos sintomas musculoesqueléticos nas diferentes regiões do corpo de policiais.

CONTEÚDO: Foi conduzida uma busca nas bases eletrônicas Pubmed/Medline, Web of Science, LILACS e Scielo, bem como busca manual nas referências dos artigos. Foram incluídos 10 dos 4.025 possíveis estudos encontrados, os quais reportaram diversos tipos de frequência de sintomas musculoesqueléticos em diferentes regiões do corpo e períodos. A frequência de sintomas musculoesqueléticos no período de 12 meses variou entre 42-52% para região lombar, 34-43% para joelhos, 7-32% para ombros, 7-27% para punhos/mãos/dedos, 29-42% para pescoço, 18-28% para tornozelo/pé, 8-10% para cotovelo, 22-45% para parte superior das costas e 12-18% para quadril/coxa.

CONCLUSÃO: A frequência de sintomas musculoesqueléticos em policiais foi alta, principalmente nas regiões lombares, dorsais, joelhos, pescoço e ombros. Devem ser realizadas medidas preventivas, tais como atividades físicas e adaptações ergonômicas, visando a redução desses sintomas nessa população.

Palavras-chave

Dor, Epidemiologia, Polícia, Prevalência

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Submitted date:
10/21/2019

Accepted date:
03/14/2020

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