Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20200037
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Review Article

Lidocaine for pain relief during nasogastric intubation: systematic review and meta-analysis

Lidocaína para o alívio da dor durante a intubação nasogástrica: revisão sistemática e meta-análise

Jonas Santana Pinto; Caique Jordan Nunes Ribeiro; Amanda Santos Oliveira; Andreia Freire de Menezes; Marco Antônio Prado Nunes; Maria do Carmo de Oliveira Ribeiro

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Procedural acute pain is a common experience associated with nasogastric tube insertion. Nevertheless, there is an important gap in the knowledge on its management. Lidocaine seems an effective option for relieving procedural pain. The objective of this study was a systematic review with metanalysis to evaluate the analgesic efficacy of jelly, spray, atomized and nebulized lidocaine during nasogastric intubation in adult patients.

CONTENTS: The Pubmed, LILACS, Scopus, CINAHL and Cochrane databases were searched using the keywords: pain, acute pain, pain management, lidocaine and gastrointestinal intubation. The identified articles were then screened according to the population, intervention, comparison, outcome and type of study. A total of 192 people were included, 30 of whom were healthy, while 162 had gastrointestinal disorders. The data revealed heterogeneity between the studies regarding the presentation and administration route of lidocaine, as well as the comparison groups. The group pain scores that received atomized lidocaine were significantly different from those of the control group (37.4 vs 64.5), the lidocaine spray group (23.6±16.6 vs 43.1±31.4) and the lidocaine gel group (33±29 vs 48±27). In the study evaluating lidocaine gel, atomized lidocaine and cocaine, the results were 19.3±24.9, 23.9±26.4, 30.5±29.6, respectively.

CONCLUSION: Thus, the metanalytic estimate showed that lidocaine led to a significant reduction in pain compared to the control group in all studies.

Keywords

Gastrointestinal intubation, Lidocaine, Pain, Pain measurement

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A dor aguda procedural é uma experiência comum associada à inserção da sonda nasogástrica. No entanto, existe uma lacuna importante no conhecimento sobre sua gestão. A lidocaína parece uma opção eficaz para aliviar a dor procedural. O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar uma revisão sistemática com meta-análise para avaliar a eficácia analgésica da lidocaína durante a intubação nasogástrica em pacientes adultos.

CONTEÚDO: As bases de dados Pubmed, LILACS, Scopus, CINAHL e Cochrane foram pesquisadas utilizando as palavras-chave: dor, dor aguda, manejo da dor, lidocaína e intubação gastrointestinal. Os artigos identificados foram selecionados de acordo com a população, intervenção, comparação, resultado e tipo de estudo. Foram incluídas 192 pessoas, 30 das quais saudáveis, enquanto 162 apresentavam distúrbios gastrointestinais. Os dados revelaram heterogeneidade entre os estudos sobre a apresentação e via de administração da lidocaína, bem como os grupos de comparação. Os escores de dor do grupo que recebeu lidocaína atomizada foram significativamente diferentes daqueles do grupo controle (37,4 vs 64,5), do grupo spray de lidocaína (23,6±16,6 vs 43,1±31,4) e do grupo gel de lidocaína (33±29 vs 48±27). No estudo que avaliou gel de lidocaína, lidocaína atomizada e cocaína, os resultados foram 19,3±24,9, 23,9±26,4, 30,5±29,6, respectivamente.

CONCLUSÃO: Assim, a estimativa meta-analítica mostrou que a lidocaína levou a uma redução significativa da dor em comparação com o grupo controle em todos os estudos.

Palavras-chave

Dor, Intubação gastrointestinal, Lidocaína, Mensuração da dor

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Submitted date:
03/07/2020

Accepted date:
05/13/2020

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