Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20210002
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Review Article

Neuropathic pain screening for diabetes mellitus: a conceptual analysis

Rastreamento de dor neuropática para diabetes mellitus: uma análise conceitual

Daniella Silva Oggiam; Denise Myuki Kusahara; Monica Antar Gamba

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The assessment and early diagnosis of neuropathic pain associated to Peripheral Diabetic Neuropathy has been a challenge in clinical practice, requiring the systematization of risk tracking through the identification of specific instruments to guide treatment. The objective of this study was to identify specific instruments for tracking neuropathic pain and Peripheral Diabetic Neuropathy in order to build a protocol.

CONTENTS: Integrative review using the indexed databases Scielo, Cochrane and Pubmed between 2007 and 2020, identifying the most used validated instruments in high predictive value for tracking Peripheral Diabetic Neuropathy and neuropathic pain, building a specific protocol directing clinical treatment. 44 selected articles pointed out 14 different instruments for screening of Peripheral Diabetic Neuropathy and neuropathic pain, most prevalent being: the Screening Instrument for Assessment of Peripheral Diabetic Neuropathy (MNSI), Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (LANSS) and Douleur Neuropathique (DN4) for clinical assessment of neuropathic pain and Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) for numerical pain assessment, highlighted by their predictive values above 80%.

CONCLUSION: Such instruments enable the development of a neuropathic pain screening protocol that will assist in the early diagnosis of this complication in Diabetes, directing clinical and physiotherapeutic treatment.

Keywords

Diabetes mellitus, Diabetic neuropathies, Pain measurement, Physical therapy specialty

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A avaliação e o diagnóstico precoce da dor neuropática associada à neuropatia diabética periférica tem sido um desafio na prática clínica, sendo necessária a sistematização de um rastreamento de risco por meio da identificação de instrumentos específicos que direcionem o tratamento. O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar instrumentos específicos para rastreamento da dor neuropática e Neuropatia Diabética Periférica para construção de um protocolo.

CONTEÚDO: Revisão integrativa utilizando as bases de dados indexadas Scielo, Cochrane e Pubmed entre 2007 e 2020, identificando os instrumentos validados mais utilizados com alto valor preditivo para rastreamento da neuropatia diabética periférica e dor neuropática, construindo um protocolo específico direcionando o tratamento clínico. Quarenta e quatro artigos selecionados apontaram 14 diferentes instrumentos para o rastreamento da neuropatia diabética periférica e dor neuropática, entre os mais prevalentes: o Screening instrument for classification of Peripheral Diabetic Neuropathy (SPDN), Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (LANSS) e Douleur Neuropathique (DN4) para avaliação clínica da dor neuropática e Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) para avaliação numérica da dor, destacados por seus valores preditivos acima de 80%.

CONCLUSÃO: Tais instrumentos possibilitaram o desenvolvimento de um protocolo de rastreamento da dor neuropática que auxiliará no diagnóstico precoce desta complicação na diabetes, direcionando o tratamento clínico e fisioterapêutico.

Palavras-chave

Diabetes mellitus, Fisioterapia, Medição da dor, Neuropatia diabética

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Submitted date:
08/23/2020

Accepted date:
11/07/2020

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