Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20210006
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Original Article

Factors related to self-rated quality of life among women with fibromyalgia according to International Classification of Functioning

Fatores relacionados a qualidade de vida autorrelatada em mulheres com fibromialgia de acordo com a Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade

Cristiane Vitaliano Graminha; Juliana Martins Pinto; Shamyr Sulyvan de Castro; Maria Cristina Cortez Carneiro Meirelles; Isabel Aparecida Porcatti de Walsh

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia is characterized by diffuse pain, which may compromise the self-rated quality of life (SRQoL). Little is known about the influence of psychosocial and environmental factors on SRQoL in women with fibromyalgia. The objective was to investigate factors related to SRQol among women with fibromyalgia, according to International Classification of Functioning domain.

METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study was performed with 1,557 women. Those who self-reported fibromyalgia answered the Fibromyalgia Impact Index. SRQoL was evaluated by questions ranging from 1 (unsatisfied) to 3 (very satisfied). Exposures included personal and environmental factors distributed in four blocks according to hypothesized influence on outcome. Multiple linear regression was performed, considering 95% of confidence interval, using IBM SPSS version 24.

RESULTS: Income sufficiency was related to higher SRQoL in model 1. Physical environment was related to SRQoL in model 2, 3 and 4. Functional capacity measurement was related to SRQoL in model 4. In the final model, only depressive symptoms (ß:-0.374; CI: -0.037/ -0.004) and number of painful body areas (ß: 0.204; CI: -0.102/-0.001) remained significantly related to SRQoL, explaining 27% of the variance.

CONCLUSION: SRQoL was related to depressive symptoms and number of painful body areas even after controlled by socioeconomic, environment and health status. However, other aspects may mediate or moderate that outcome, deserving attention in a biopsychosocial approach. The results highlighted the relevance of biopsychosocial aspects on quality of life of women with fibromyalgia, addressing factors that could be approached in clinical practice to promote health and well-being.

Keywords

Chronic pain, Depression, Health surveys, Musculoskeletal diseases, Public health

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Fibromialgia é caracterizada por dor difusa, que pode comprometer a qualidade de vida autorrelatada (QVAR). Sabe-se pouco sobre a influência de fatores psicossociais e ambientais na QVAR em mulheres com fibromialgia. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar fatores relacionados à QVAR entre mulheres com fibromialgia, segundo o domínio da Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade.

MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal de base populacional realizado com 1.557 mulheres. Aquelas que se autorrelataram com fibromialgia responderam ao Índice de Impacto da Fibromialgia (n=115). A QVAR foi avaliada por questões que variavam de 1 (insatisfeita) a 3 (muito satisfeita). As exposições incluíram fatores pessoais e ambientais distribuídos em quatro blocos de acordo com a influência hipotética no desfecho. Foi realizada regressão linear múltipla, considerando 95% do intervalo de confiança, utilizando-se a versão 24 do IBM SPSS.

RESULTADOS: Suficiência de renda foi relacionada à maior QVAR no modelo 1. Ambiente físico estava relacionado à QVAR nos modelos 2, 3 e 4. Medição da capacidade funcional esteve relacionada à QVAR no modelo 4. Apenas sintomas depressivos (ß:-0,374; IC: -0,037/ -0,004) e número de áreas corporais dolorosas (ß: 0,204; IC: -0,102/-0,001) mantiveram-se significativamente relacionado à QVAR, explicando 27% da variância.

CONCLUSÃO: QVAR esteve relacionada a sintomas depressivos e número de áreas corporais dolorosas mesmo depois de controlada por condição socioeconômica, ambiental e saúde. Outros aspectos podem mediar esse desfecho, merecendo atenção na abordagem biopsicossocial. Os resultados destacaram relevância dos aspectos biopsicossociais na qualidade de vida das mulheres com fibromialgia, recorrendo a fatores que poderiam ser abordados na prática clínica para promover saúde e bem-estar.

Palavras-chave

Depressão, Doenças musculoesqueléticas, Dor crônica, Inquéritos epidemiológicos, Saúde pública

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Submitted date:
08/26/2020

Accepted date:
12/17/2020

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