Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20210017
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Original Article

Quality of life in children and adults with Idiopathic juvenile arthritis: cross-sectional study in Brazilian patients

Qualidade de vida em crianças e adultos com artrite idiopática juvenil: estudo transversal em pacientes brasileiros

Elora Sampaio Lourenço; Cibele Lourenço; Thelma Skare; Paulo Spelling; Renato Nisihara

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic rheumatic disease which may persist into adulthood. Pain and joint deformities affect quality of life (QoL). The objective was to study the influence of JIA in QoL of children and adults, comparing the two groups.

METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 47 JIA patients (20 children and 27 adults) using the following questionnaires: Juvenile Arthritis Multidimensional Assessment Report (JAMAR), Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) in adults and Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire CHAQ) in children. Epidemiological, clinical and treatment data was collected.

RESULTS: No differences were found in gender, arthritis subset, presence of uveitis and fever, visual analog scale for pain and duration of morning stiffness. Adult patients required more biologics in the treatment (p=0.02) and had higher age at disease onset than children (p=0.001). About 45% of children and 51.8% of adults complained having pain and 40% of children and 48% of adults were not satisfied with the current status of their disease.

CONCLUSION: Children and adult patients with JIA had similar degree of pain, morning stiffness and functional impairment. Functional impairment was considered mild but the level of pain found was higher than in other studies. Almost half of patients were not satisfied with the treatment.

Keywords

Adult, Child, Juvenile arthritis, Pain

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A artrite idiopática juvenil (AIJ) é uma doença reumática crônica que pode persistir na idade adulta. Dor e deformidades articulares afetam a qualidade de vida (QV). O objetivo foi estudar a influência da AIJ na QV de crianças e adultos, comparando os dois grupos.

MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal de 47 pacientes com AIJ (20 crianças e 27 adultos) utilizando os questionários: Juvenile Arthritis Multidimensional Assessment Report (JAMAR), Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAG) em adultos e Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) em crianças. Dados epidemiológicos, clínicos e de tratamento foram coletados.

RESULTADOS: Não foram encontradas diferenças em sexo, subconjunto de artrite, presença de uveíte e febre, escala analógica visual para dor e duração da rigidez matinal. Pacientes adultos necessitaram mais fármacos biológicos no tratamento (p=0,02) e tinham maior idade de início da doença do que crianças (p=0,001). Cerca de 45% das crianças e 51,8% dos adultos queixaram-se de dor e 40% das crianças e 48% dos adultos não estavam satisfeitos com o estado atual de sua doença.

CONCLUSÃO: Pacientes crianças e adultos com AIJ apresentaram graus semelhantes de dor, rigidez matinal e comprometimento funcional. O comprometimento funcional foi considerado leve, mas o nível de dor encontrado foi maior do que em outros estudos. Quase metade dos pacientes não ficou satisfeita com o tratamento.

Palavras-chave

Adulto, Artrite juvenil, Criança, Dor

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Submitted date:
10/06/2020

Accepted date:
01/25/2021

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