Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20220002
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Original Article

Association between psychosocial factors in workers and multisite pain: cross-sectional study

Associação entre fatores psicossociais em trabalhadores e dor multirregional: estudo transversal

Beatriz Suelen Ferreira Faria; Josiane Sotrate Gonçalves; Tatiana de Oliveira Sato

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial factors may be associated with multisite pain, which is characterized by pain symptoms in more than one part of the body. The aim of the present study was to determine associations between psychosocial factors and multisite pain in a population of workers.

METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 195 workers (educators, administrative technicians, healthcare workers, cleaners, and zookeepers). Psychosocial factors were evaluated using the short form of the second version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire. Multisite pain was identified using the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire.

RESULTS: Multisite pain was associated with quantitative demands (OR=1.31; 95% CI: 1.06-1.63), work pace (OR=1.20; 95% CI: 1.01-1.43), emotional demands (OR=1.39; 95% CI: 1.18-1.63), commitment to the workplace (OR=0.75; 95% CI: 0.62-0.91), predictability (OR=0.86; 95% CI: 0.76-0.99), job satisfaction (OR=0.53; 95% CI: 0.32-0.88), work-family conflict (OR=1.37; 95% CI: 1.16-1.62), justice (OR=0.81; 95% CI: 0.69-0.94), general health perception (OR=0.54; 95% CI: 0.38-0.76), burnout (OR=1.41; 95% CI: 1.17-1.69), and stress (OR=1.41; 95% CI: 1.18-1.68).

CONCLUSION: Several psychosocial factors were associated with multisite pain, indicating that these factors could be considered in the multisite pain management.

Keywords

Burnout psychological, Chronic pain, Stress psychological, Working environment

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Fatores psicossociais podem estar associados à dor multirregional, caracterizada por sintomas de dor em mais de uma parte do corpo. O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar associações entre fatores psicossociais e dor multirregional em uma população de trabalhadores.

MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo transversal com 195 trabalhadores (professores, técnicos administrativos, profissionais de saúde, faxineiros e funcionários de zoológicos). Os fatores psicossociais foram avaliados por meio da versão abreviada da segunda versão do Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire. A dor multirregional foi identificada por meio do Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire.

RESULTADOS: A dor multirregional foi associada com demandas quantitativas (OR=1,31; IC 95%: 1,06-1,63), ritmo de trabalho (OR=1,20; IC 95%: 1,01-1,43), demandas emocionais (OR=1,39; IC 95%: 1,18- 1,63), compromisso com o local de trabalho (OR=0,75; IC 95%: 0,62-0,91), previsibilidade (OR=0,86; IC 95%: 0,76-0,99), satisfação no trabalho (OR=0,53; IC 95%: 0,32-0,88), conflito trabalho-família (OR=1,37; IC 95%: 1,16-1,62), justiça (OR=0,81; IC 95%: 0,69-0,94), percepção geral de saúde (OR=0,54; IC 95%: 0,38-0,76), burnout (OR=1,41; IC 95%: 1,17-1,69) e estresse (OR=1,41; IC 95%: 1,18-1,68).

CONCLUSÃO: Vários fatores psicossociais foram associados à dor multirregional, indicando que estes devem ser abordados no manejo da dor.

Palavras-chave

Ambiente de trabalho, Dor crônica, Esgotamento psicológico, Estresse psicológico

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Submitted date:
01/20/2021

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