Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20220009
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Original Article

Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on psychological aspects and bruxism in the Brazilian population: observational study

Impacto da pandemia por COVID-19 em aspectos psicológicos e bruxismo na população brasileira: estudo observacional

Laura Pereira Generoso; Guilherme Prevelato Oliveira; Lais Leite Ferreira; Luci Mara França Correia; Josie Resende Torres da Silva; Marcelo Lourenço da Silva

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on psychological aspects and its relationship with bruxism from a representative sample of the Brazilian population.

METHODS: A cross-sectional Internet-based survey was conducted in a nationally representative sample of Brazilian adults to estimate the sociodemographic correlates and characteristics of bruxism, the quality of life of individuals World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL) and Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) in the Brazilian population during the COVID-19 pandemic. Research was collected from May to August 2020. The data were analyzed using qualitative analysis.

RESULTS: A total of 1476 Survey forms were completed, and 1265 (85.70%) respondents declared presenting daytime clenching; over half of respondents (843, 57.11%) reported that they have grinding of teeth; and 1054 (71.41%) reported both clenching and grinding of teeth. Most of the respondents (1128, 76.42%) reported a negative perception of oral symptoms on the last month and all (1476, 100.00%) were feeling nervous or stressed during the period of social withdrawal induced by the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, 289 (19.58%) started having symptoms of fatigue or pain in the muscles of the face upon awakening and 318 (21.54%) started having muscle fatigue and discomfort in the teeth upon awakening.

CONCLUSION: Findings have shown that all respondents were feeling nervous or stressed during the period of social withdrawal induced by the COVID-19 pandemic and reported bruxism symptoms. They also had lower averages of WHOQOL and SCS, suggesting worse perception of quality of life and self-compassion.

Keywords

Bruxism, Coronavirus Infections, Quality of Life

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o impacto da pandemia de COVID-19 nos aspectos psicológicos e sua relação com o bruxismo a partir de amostra representativa da população brasileira.

MÉTODOS: Foi conduzida uma pesquisa transversal baseada na internet em uma amostra representativa de adultos brasileiros para estimar os correlatos sociodemográficos e as características do bruxismo, a qualidade de vida (WHOQOL) dos indivíduos e a autocompaixão (SCS) na população brasileira durante a pandemia por COVID-19. A pesquisa foi coletada de maio a agosto de 2020. Os dados foram analisados por meio de análise qualitativa.

RESULTADOS: Foram preenchidos 1.476 formulários da Pesquisa e 1.265 (85,70%) respondentes declararam apresentar apertamento diurno; mais da metade dos entrevistados (843, 57,11%) relatou ranger de dentes; e 1.054 (71,41%) relataram tanto apertamento quanto ranger de dentes. A maioria dos entrevistados (1.128, 76,42%) relatou percepção negativa dos sintomas de bruxismo no último mês e todos (1.476, 100,00%) estavam se sentindo nervosos ou estressados durante o período de afastamento social induzido pela pandemia de COVID-19. Além disso, 289 (19,58%) iniciaram sintomas de fadiga ou dor nos músculos da face ao acordar e 318 (21,54%) iniciaram com fadiga muscular e desconforto nos dentes ao acordar.

CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados mostraram que todos os entrevistados estavam se sentindo nervosos ou estressados durante o período de afastamento social induzido pela pandemia de COVID-19 e relataram sintomas de bruxismo. Também apresentaram médias mais baixas no WHOQOL e SCS, sugerindo pior percepção de qualidade de vida e autocompaixão.

Palavras-chave

Infecções por coronavírus, Bruxismo, Qualidade de vida

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Submitted date:
04/30/2021

Accepted date:
01/14/2022

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