Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20220026-en
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Case Report

Erector spinae plane block on pain management after thoracic surgical approaches due to COVID-19 complications. Case reports

Bloqueio do plano dos músculos eretores da espinha no manejo de dor pós-abordagens cirúrgicas torácicas por complicações da COVID-19. Relato de casos

Leonardo de Freitas Nascimento; Felipe Chiodini Machado; Adriana Madeleine Dominguez Gaibor; Lucas Snioka Zuretti; Hazem Adel Ashmawi

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Erector spinae plane block is an interfascial plane block used as a tool for management of pain resulting from thoracic and abdominal surgical procedures described in the literature since 2016 and widely used in clinical practice. In the context of the pandemic caused by Sars-CoV-2, multiple pulmonary complications arising from severe viral pneumonia and respiratory failure that required surgical approaches for their investigation and/or treatment were observed. The present study’s objective was to present a series of three cases of patients affected by COVID-19 who had pulmonary complications due to infection or exacerbation of previous pulmonary diseases caused by the new coronavirus, in which the continuous fascial plane block was successfully used for postoperative pain management.

CASE REPORTS: Three cases of patients with COVID-19 viral pneumonia requiring diagnostic or therapeutic thoracic surgery who underwent erector spinae plane block for perioperative pain management were presented.

CONCLUSION: The use of a catheter with continuous infusion of local anesthetic was useful for reducing analgesic rescue and maintaining good postoperative analgesia with no evidence of adverse effects in the presented patients, also allowing acceleration of postoperative recovery and a better outcome for the patients.

Keywords

Acute pain, Case reports, Conduction anesthesia, Coronavirus Infections, Video-assisted thoracic surgery

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O bloqueio do plano dos músculos eretores da espinha é um bloqueio do plano interfascial usado como ferramenta para manejo de dor consequente a procedimentos cirúrgicos torácicos e abdominais descrito na literatura desde 2016 e amplamente utilizado na prática clínica. No contexto da pandemia causada pelo Sars-CoV-2, foram observadas múltiplas complicações pulmonares decorrentes de pneumonia viral grave e insuficiência respiratória que demandaram abordagens cirúrgicas para sua investigação e/ou tratamento. O objetivo deste estudo foi apresentar uma série de três casos de pacientes acometidos pela COVID-19 que tiveram complicações pulmonares pela infecção ou exacerbação de doença pulmonar prévia causada pelo novo coronavírus, nos quais o recurso do bloqueio do plano fascial contínuo foi utilizado para manejo de dor pós-operatória com sucesso.

RELATO DOS CASOS: Foram apresentados três casos de pacientes acometidos pelo COVID-19 em sua forma de pneumonia viral, para os quais houve necessidade de cirurgia torácica diagnóstica ou terapêutica, e que foram submetidos ao bloqueio do plano dos músculos eretores da espinha para manejo da dor perioperatória.

CONCLUSÃO: O uso de cateter com infusão contínua de anestésico local foi útil para a diminuição dos resgates analgésicos e manutenção de boa analgesia pós-operatória sem evidência de efeitos adversos nos pacientes apresentados, possibilitando ainda a aceleração da recuperação pós-operatória e um melhor desfecho para os pacientes.

Palavras-chave

Anestesia por condução, Cirurgia torácica vídeoassistida, Dor aguda, Infecções por coronavírus, Relato de caso

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Submitted date:
03/02/2021

Accepted date:
05/03/2022

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