Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20220027-en
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Original Article

Brief multidisciplinary intervention for chronic pain management: pilot feasibility study

Intervenção multidisciplinar breve para manejo da dor crônica: estudo piloto de viabilidade

Yasmin Cardoso Metwaly Mohamed Ali; Áquila Lopes Gouvêa; Milena Santos de Oliveira; Sara Martini; Hazem Adel Ashmawi; Marina de Góes Salvetti

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic pain has a negative impact on the quality of life of individuals and requires multidisciplinary attention. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a brief multidisciplinary intervention for the management of chronic pain.

METHODS: A pilot feasibility study. The participants were individuals with chronic pain. The intervention had a psychoeducational focus and was carried out in a group for six weeks, with a two-hour weekly meeting. Participants received education on pain management, practiced stretching and relaxation techniques. The intervention was applied by two nurses, a psychologist and a physical therapist. The specific objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of the intervention through indicators of acceptability and feasibility.

RESULTS: Forty-eight people with chronic pain eligible to participate in the study were identified. Among the acceptability indicators, the acceptance rate to participate in the intervention was 52% and the retention rate among participants was 60%. The rate of adherence to the recommendations was moderate for walking (53.3%) and satisfactory for stretching (100%) and relaxation (73.3%). As for the feasibility indicators, the following aspects were considered “great”: access to the intervention site (83.3%), the intervention room (66.6%), the intervention content (86.6%) and the number of sessions (46.6%). All participants (100%) suggested increasing the number of sessions.

CONCLUSION: The brief multidisciplinary intervention for chronic pain management was considered feasible and should be tested and implemented in primary care services and outpatient services specialized in pain management.

Keywords

Chronic pain, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Feasibility studies, Health education, Pain management, Self-efficacy

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A dor crônica provoca impacto negativo na qualidade de vida dos indivíduos e requer atenção multidisciplinar. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a viabilidade de uma intervenção multidisciplinar breve para manejo da dor crônica.

MÉTODOS: Estudo clínico de viabilidade. Os participantes foram pessoas com dor crônica. A intervenção teve foco psicoeducativo e foi realizada em grupo, por seis semanas, com um encontro semanal de duas horas. Os participantes receberam educação sobre manejo da dor, praticaram alongamento e técnicas de relaxamento. A intervenção foi aplicada por duas enfermeiras, uma psicóloga e uma fisioterapeuta. O objetivo específico deste estudo foi avaliar a viabilidade da intervenção por meio de indicadores de aceitabilidade e viabilidade.

RESULTADOS: Identificaram-se 48 pessoas com dor crônica elegíveis para participar do estudo. Entre os indicadores de aceitabilidade, a taxa de aceitação para participar da intervenção foi de 52% e a taxa de retenção foi de 60%. A taxa de adesão às recomendações foi moderada para caminhada (53,3%) e satisfatória para alongamento (100%) e relaxamento (73,3%). Quanto aos indicadores de viabilidade, foram considerados “ótimos”: o acesso ao local da intervenção (83,3%), a sala da intervenção (66,6%), o conteúdo da intervenção (86,6%) e o número de sessões (46,6%). Todos os participantes (100%) sugeriram aumentar o número de sessões.

CONCLUSÃO: A intervenção multidisciplinar breve para manejo da dor crônica foi considerada viável e deve ser testada e implantada em serviços de atenção primária e serviços ambulatoriais especializados no tratamento da dor.

Palavras-chave

Autoeficácia, Dor crônica, Educação em saúde, Estudos de viabilidade, Manejo da dor, Terapia cognitivo-comportamental

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Submitted date:
05/19/2021

Accepted date:
05/09/2022

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