Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20230054-en
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Review Article

Indications for the use of cannabinoids

Indicação do uso de canabinoides

Mariana Camargo Palladini

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The increasingly widespread use of cannabinoids in the management of acute and chronic pain generates an urgent need to study how cannabinoids act on CB1 and CB2 receptors and what their effects are on the organism. It is important to understand the difference in action between natural cannabinoids (cannabidiol, delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabigerol, cannabinoil, terpenes) and synthetic ones, so that the appropriate choice is made in each case, and depending on the pathophysiology of pain, one or the other active is more indicated.
CONTENTS: Studies collected in the Pubmed, Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases were analyzed. These studies focus were on natural cannabinoids (cannabidiol, delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabigerol, cannabinoil, terpenes) and synthetic cannabinoids in the use for the treatment of chronic pain, their action on the endocannabinoid system through the activation of the CB1 and CB2 receptor and their effect after activating this receptor, aiming to compile which cannabinoid is more indicated in the treatment of pain pathology.
CONCLUSION: The subject still requires much study and new articles are being published daily. The analysis of the studies must be carried out with criteria to evaluate their seriousness. The endocannabinoid system is closely linked to the treatment of chronic pain and some cannabinoids such as: cannabidiol, delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabigerol, cannabinoil, as well as some terpenes are already considered important in the treatment of chronic pain inferring sparing effect of opioids, anticonvulsants, antidepressants among others.

Keywords

Cannabidiol, Cannabigerol, Chronic pain, Chronic pain treatment with medical cannabis, Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol, Synthetic cannabinoids, Terpenes

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS:  O uso cada vez mais disseminado dos canabinoides no controle da dor aguda e crônica gera uma necessidade urgente do estudo de como os canabinoides agem nos receptores CB1 e CB2 e quais seus efeitos no organismo. É importante entender a diferença de ação entre os canabinoides naturais (canabidiol, delta 9-tetrahidrocanabinol, canabigerol, canabinol, terpenos) e os sintéticos, para que a escolha adequada seja realizada em cada caso, sendo que dependendo da fisiopatologia da dor é mais indicado um ou outro ativo. 
CONTEÚDO: Foram analisados estudos coletados na Pubmed, Cochrane Library e Web of Science. Os estudos se concentram em canabinoides naturais (canabidiol, delta 9-tetrahidrocanabinol, canabigerol, canabinoil, terpenos) e canabinoides sintéticos no uso para o tratamento da dor crônica, sua ação no sistema endocanabinoide através da ativação do receptor CB1 e CB2 e seu efeito após ativar esse receptor, visando compilar qual canabinoide é mais indicado no tratamento da patologia álgica.
CONCLUSÃO: O assunto ainda requer muito estudo e diariamente novos artigos vem sendo publicados. A análise dos estudos deve ser realizada com critério para avaliar sua seriedade. O sistema endocanabinoide está intimamente ligado ao tratamento da dor crônica e alguns canabinoides como: canabidiol, delta 9-tetrahidrocanabinol, canabigerol, canabinoil, assim como alguns terpenos já são considerados importantes no tratamento da dor crônica inferindo efeito poupador de opioides, anticonvulsivantes, antidepressivos entre outros.

Palavras-chave

Canabidiol, Canabigerol, Canabinoides sintéticos, Delta 9-tetrahidrocanabinol, Dor crônica, Terpenos, Tratamento dor crônica com cannabis medicinal

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Submitted date:
10/10/2022

Accepted date:
07/07/2023

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