Brazilian Journal of Pain
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Review Article

Pediatric patients and medical cannabis: new trends

Pacientes pediátricos e cannabis medicinal: novas tendências

Sandra Caires Serrano; Fabiana Gomes de Campos; Valesca Oliveira Paes Tanaka

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite the ancestral use of cannabinoids in adults, safety and efficacy in children is unclear. The impact of cannabis on the developing brain is unknown1 While studies conducted in adults can provide insight into the efficacy/toxicity profile of cannabis, there is a need for specific studies in children and adolescents to understand the impact of cannabis on the developing brain, as well as the potential long-term effects of cannabis use. The objective of this study was to bring a comprehensive view and critical discussion on the subject.
CONTENTS: A narrative review based on research in the Pubmed, Medline and Scielo databases was prepared, with an open theme and a selective literature review in the context of the pediatric population.
CONCLUSION: Current research on the impact of medical cannabis use in children and adolescents remains limited4, which reinforces the need for robust studies in this population.


Cancer, Medical cannabis, Pediatrics


JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Apesar do uso ancestral de canabinoides em adultos, a segurança e eficácia na população infantil não é clara. O impacto da cannabis no cérebro em desenvolvimento é desconhecido1. Embora estudos realizados em adultos possam oferecer informações sobre o perfil de eficácia/toxicidade da cannabis, há necessidade de estudos específicos em crianças e adolescentes para compreender o impacto da cannabis no cérebro em desenvolvimento, bem como os potenciais efeitos a longo prazo do uso de cannabis. O objetivo deste estudo foi trazer uma visão abrangente e discussão crítica sobre o tema.  
CONTEÚDO: Foi elaborada uma revisão narrativa baseada em pesquisas nas bases de dados Pubmed, Medline e Scielo, com temática aberta e revisão de literatura seletiva no contexto da população pediátrica.
CONCLUSÃO: A pesquisa atual sobre o impacto do uso da cannabis medicinal em crianças e adolescentes permanece limitada4, o que reforça a necessidade de estudos robustos sobre essa população.


Câncer, cannabis medicinal, Pediatria


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3 Russo EB, Hohmann AG. Role of cannabinoids in pain management. In: Comprehensive treatment of chronic pain by medical, interventional, and integrative approaches. Springer, New York. 2013. 181-97p.

4 Mandelbaum DE, de la Monte SM. Adverse structural and functional effects of marijuana on the brain: evidence reviewed. Pediatr Neurol. 2017;66:12-20.

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7 Andradas C, Truong A, Byrne J, Endersby R. The role of cannabinoids as anticancer agents in pediatric oncology. Cancers (Basel). 2021;13(1):157.

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