Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20230071-en
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Review Article

Parameters and results of non-invasive neuromodulation in the management of chronic pelvic pain: integrative literature review

Parâmetros e resultados da neuromodulação não invasiva no manejo da dor pélvica crônica: revisão integrativa da literatura

Pâmela Maria Massaro Barbosa; Maria Gabriela Maziero Capello; Laura Pereira Generoso; Edvaldo José Rodrigues Cardoso; Marcelo Lourenço da Silva; Josie Resende Torres da Silva

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) is characterized by persistent pain in the pelvic region for more than six months, affecting both men and women and causing significant impairment in quality of life (QoL). Two of the main non-invasive approaches are Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS). These techniques aim to modulate neural activity and promote pain relief. In this context, this research conducted an integrative literature review to summarize the results of relevant studies, aiming to identify the key parameters used in TMS and tDCS for CPP treatment. The objective was to assess the effect and efficacy of non-invasive neuromodulation as a therapeutic intervention for CPP.
CONTENTS: For this integrative review, electronic searches were conducted in Pubmed, Scielo, PEDro, Medline, Cochrane, and Scopus databases, examining studies in Portuguese, English, or Spanish. The keywords “pelvic pain,” “transcranial direct current stimulation,” and “transcranial magnetic stimulation” and their derivatives were searched in the three languages in studies from 2013 to 2023. Seven studies were included for analysis. Both techniques showed positive effects in managing CPP, improving pain levels and QoL to a relevant extent. However, there is still no consensus on the parameters applied in TMS and tDCS techniques for CPP.
CONCLUSION: Non-invasive neuromodulation improves pain levels and quality of life in patients with CPP. Further studies are needed to establish more reliable parameter relationships, and the limited number of studies restricts definitive conclusions on the subject.

Keywords

Chronic pain, Non-invasive neuromodulation, Pelvic pain, Transcranial magnetic stimulation, Transcranial direct current stimulation

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A dor pélvica crônica (DPC) é caracterizada pela persistência da dor na região pélvica por mais de seis meses, afetando tanto homens quanto mulheres e causando prejuízos significativos na qualidade de vida (QV). Duas das principais abordagens não invasivas são Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana (EMT) e a Estimulação Transcraniana por Corrente Contínua (ETCC). Nesse contexto, esta pesquisa realizou uma revisão integrativa da literatura com o intuito de resumir os resultados de estudos relevantes, buscando identificar os principais parâmetros utilizados no tratamento da DPC. O objetivo foi fornecer uma visão abrangente sobre essas técnicas de neuromodulação e suas aplicações específicas no controle da dor pélvica crônica.
CONTEÚDO: Para esta revisão integrativa, as buscas eletrônicas ocorreram nas bases de dados Pubmed, Scielo, PEDro, Medline, Cochrane e Scopus, verificando estudos em português, inglês ou espanhol. “Dor pélvica”, “estimulação transcraniana por corrente contínua” e “estimulação magnética transcraniana” e suas derivações foram pesquisadas nos três idiomas em estudos entre 2013 e 2023. Sete estudos foram incluídos para análise. Ambas as técnicas apresentaram efeitos positivos no manejo da DPC, melhorando os níveis de dor e a QV em proporções relevantes. Entretanto, ainda não há um consenso sobre os parâmetros aplicados nas técnicas de EMT e ETCC para DPC.
CONCLUSÃO: A neuromodulação não invasiva melhora os níveis de dor e a QV em pacientes com DPC. São necessários mais estudos para que relações mais confiáveis de parâmetros possam ser preestabelecidas e a ausência de um maior número de estudos limita conclusões acerca do assunto.

Palavras-chave

Dor crônica, Dor pélvica, Estimulaçao magnética transcraniana, Estimulaçao transcraniana por corrente contínua, Neuromodulaçao não invasiva

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Submitted date:
06/07/2023

Accepted date:
08/28/2023

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