Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20230078-en
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Review Article

Rehabilitation protocols in neuropathic pain: bibliometric review

Protocolos de reabilitação na dor neuropática: revisão bibliométrica

Jessika Mehret Fiusa; Sibele de Andrade Melo Knaut; Emerson Carraro

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Neuropathic pain (NP) affects the afferent somatosensory pathways, generating various symptoms, however, there is difficulty in terms of diagnosis and in the formation of treatment protocols. There is a need to search the current literature for effective resources for the treatment of peripheral neuropathy in rehabilitation. The objective of this study was to describe reproducible assessment and treatment approaches capable of reducing NP.
CONTENTS: Full articles produced between 2018 and 2022, found in the Pubmed, Scielo, Medline, Embase and Cochrane databases were included. Fifteen Boolean descriptors were used, and data were cross-referenced with the words “AND” or “OR”. The selected articles went through the Methodi Ordinatio of classification and organization of studies. Eleven articles were selected and used in this review, two from 2018, five from 2020, and three from 2021. Regarding the type of study, five review articles, one case study, and six intervention studies were obtained. Of these 11 studies, only three used quality of life (QoL) indicators. Most studies used combined interventions, and in more than half of the publications transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) was present. The somatosensory rehabilitation method was able to redeem neuropathy through specific techniques.
CONCLUSION: The implications of the neuropathic pain treatment in terms of QoL were left in the background by the bibliometric survey carried out. It is suggested that new studies could associate analgesia techniques with rehabilitation methods, including and measuring the effects on the QoL of these patients.

Keywords

Complex regional pain syndrome, Hyperalgia, Physical therapy, Rehabilitation, Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A dor neuropática (DN) acomete as vias somatossensoriais aferentes, gerando diversos sintomas, entretanto há dificuldades em termos de diagnóstico e na formação de protocolos de tratamento. Há a necessidade de buscar, na literatura atual, recursos eficazes para o tratamento da neuropatia periférica na área da reabilitação. O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever abordagens reprodutíveis de avaliação e tratamento capazes de diminuir a DN. 
CONTEÚDO: Foram incluídos artigos completos produzidos entre os anos de 2018 e 2022, encontrados nos bancos de dados Pubmed, Scielo, Medline, Embase e Cochrane. Foram usados 15 descritores booleanos, e os dados foram cruzados com as palavras “AND” ou “OR”. Os artigos passaram pelo Methodi Ordinatio de classificação e organização de estudos. Foram selecionados e utilizados 11 artigos, sendo dois de 2018, cinco de 2020 e três de 2021. Acerca do tipo de estudo, foram obtidos cinco artigos de revisão, um estudo de caso e seis estudos de intervenção. Desses 11 estudos, apenas três utilizaram indicadores de qualidade de vida (QV). A maioria dos estudos utilizou intervenções combinadas, e em mais da metade das publicações a estimulação transcraniana por corrente contínua (ETCC) estava presente. O método de reabilitação somatossensorial foi capaz de redimir a neuropatia por meio de técnicas específicas. 
CONCLUSÃO: As implicações do tratamento da dor neuropática no quesito QV ficaram em segundo plano pelo levantamento bibliométrico realizado. Sugere-se que novos estudos possam associar técnicas de analgesia a métodos de reabilitação, incluindo e mensurando os efeitos sobre a QV desses pacientes.

Palavras-chave

Estimulação elétrica nervosa transcutânea, Fisioterapia, Hiperalgesia, Síndrome da dor regional,  Reabilitação

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Submitted date:
06/23/2023

Accepted date:
09/21/2023

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