Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20230092-en
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Review Article

How to determine the quality of a questionnaire according to the CONsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments? A simplified guide to the measurement properties of assessment instruments - Part II: validity, responsiveness, interpretability and a checklist for characterizing the quality of instruments

Como determinar a qualidade de um questionário de acordo com o COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments? Um guia simplificado sobre as propriedades de medida de instrumentos de avaliação - Parte II: validade, responsividade, interpretabilidade e checklist para caracterização da qualidade dos instrumentos

Thaís Cristina Chaves; Thamiris Costa de Lima; Juliana H. Padilha Spavieri; Ana Carolina de Jacomo Claudio; Roger Berg Rodrigues Pereira; Mariana Romano de Lira

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The type of questionnaire that aims to capture a patient’s perception/view of an aspect to be measured (e.g. pain intensity) is called Patient Reported Outcome Measure (PROM). One of the biggest challenges that clinicians and researchers often face is making a decision about which PROM to use for the assessment of their patient with pain, especially due to the lack of scientific literacy needed to understand the criteria and terms used in the field of measurement properties. Thus, the objectives of this study (part II) were: (I) to introduce basic concepts about PROMs with a focus on the terminology and criteria defined by the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) and (2) to describe the measurement properties of the validity, responsiveness and interpretability domains and propose a checklist for assessing the quality of PROMs’ measurement properties.
METHODS: This study was produced using a search for articles from the COSMIN initiative. For didactic purposes, the text was divided into two parts.
RESULTS: This article included a description of the measurement properties of the validity (content, structural, construct), responsiveness (must be assessed through accuracy analyses, AUC≥0.70) and interpretability (which provides the minimum clinically important change) domains. In addition, a checklist was proposed for determining the quality of the measurement properties of assessment instruments.
CONCLUSION: This study described the measurement properties within the validity and responsiveness domains, and the importance of interpretability for obtaining the minimum clinically important difference. The proposed checklist for evaluating these properties can help clinicians and researchers to determine the quality of an instrument and make a decision about the best option available.

Keywords

Chronic pain, Psychometrics, Musculoskeletal pain, Reliability, Surveys and questionnaires

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O tipo de questionário que pretende captar a percepção/visão de um paciente sobre um aspecto a ser medido (ex: intensidade da dor) é chamado de Instrumento de Medida Baseado no Relato do Paciente (Patient Reported Outcome Measure - PROM). Um dos maiores desafios que clínicos e pesquisadores costumam enfrentar é quanto a tomada de decisão sobre qual PROM utilizar para a avaliação de seu paciente com dor, especialmente devido à falta do letramento científico necessário para entender os critérios e termos empregados na área de propriedades de medida. Assim, os objetivos deste estudo (parte II) foram: (I) introduzir conceitos básicos sobre PROMs com enfoque na terminologia e critérios definidos através do COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN), e (2) descrever as propriedades de medida dos domínios validade, responsividade e interpretabilidade e propor um checklist para avaliação da qualidade das propriedades de medida de PROMs.
MÉTODOS: Utilizando uma busca voltada para os artigos da iniciativa COSMIN, foi elaborado o presente estudo de revisão, que foi dividido em duas partes para fins didáticos.
RESULTADOS: O presente artigo compreendeu a descrição das propriedades de medida dos domínios de validade (conteúdo, estrutural, construto), responsividade (deve ser avaliada através de análises de acurácia, AUC≥0,70) e interpretabilidade (que fornece a mínima mudança clinicamente importante). Além disso, foi proposto um checklist para determinação da qualidade das propriedades de medida de instrumentos de avaliação. 
CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo descreveu as propriedades de medida dentro dos domínios validade e responsividade, e a importância da interpretabilidade para a obtenção da mínima diferença clinicamente importante. O checklist proposto para avaliação dessas propriedades pode auxiliar clínicos e pesquisadores a determinarem a qualidade de um instrumento e tomar a decisão sobre a melhor opção disponível.

Palavras-chave

Confiabilidade, Dor crônica, Dor musculoesquelética, Inquéritos e questionários, Psicometria

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Submitted date:
09/06/2023

Accepted date:
10/10/2023

65a6e5aaa953957b526ac7b3 brjp Articles

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