Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20240004-en
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Original Article

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the perception of treatment and chronic musculoskeletal pain in users of a family health unit: qualitative study

Impacto da pandemia da COVID-19 na percepção do tratamento e da dor musculoesquelética crônica em usuários de uma unidade de saúde da família: estudo qualitativo

Maria de Paula Faria; Letícia Jonas de Freitas; Paula Nunes Cordeiro Soares; Anamaria Siriani de Oliveira; Tainan de Castro Silva

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic pain has a high demand for health care due to its multifactorial cause. The COVID-19 pandemic represented a scenario of social stress, in which there was a reduction in care for chronic non-communicable diseases, including cases of chronic pain. The aim of this study was to understand the impacts of the pandemic on this population, considering the perception of pain, experience with care and mental health.
METHODS: This is an exploratory case study using a qualitative methodology. An intentional sample of six patients diagnosed with chronic musculoskeletal pain, of both genders and aged between 30 and 70 was used. The individuals underwent a semi-structured interview, in which the data was analyzed by thematic analysis and coding.
RESULTS: After the analysis, three themes emerged: 1) Multidimensional impact of pain and coping strategies; 2) Characteristics of the health service and individual-centered care; 3) Influence of pain on quality of life and perspective of future life. The impact of health care was a factor of anxiety and uncertainty about pain. It had repercussions on new coping strategies, such as telehealth. In this context, Primary Health Care was a scenario capable of managing the short- and long-term quality of life of individuals with chronic pain.
CONCLUSION: This study contributed to understanding the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on individuals with chronic pain, which represents a challenge to current care.

Keywords

Chronic pain, COVID-19, Musculoskeletal pain, Primary health care

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A dor crônica apresenta alta demanda de assistência à saúde, devido a sua causa multifatorial. A pandemia da COVID-19 representou um cenário de estresse social, em que houve redução de atendimentos às doenças crônicas não transmissíveis, incluindo os casos de dores crônicas. O objetivo deste estudo foi compreender os impactos da pandemia para este público, considerando a percepção da dor, experiência com assistência e saúde mental. 
MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo de caso exploratório de metodologia qualitativa. Foi utilizada uma amostra intencional de seis pacientes com diagnóstico de dor musculoesquelética crônica, de ambos os sexos e com idade entre 30 e 70 anos. Os indivíduos passaram por uma entrevista semiestruturada, na qual os dados foram analisados por análise temática e codificação. 
RESULTADOS: Após a análise, emergiram três temas: 1) Impacto multidimensional da dor e estratégias de enfrentamento; 2) Características do serviço de saúde e atenção centrada no indivíduo; 3) Influência da dor na qualidade de vida e na perspectiva de vida futura. O impacto na assistência à saúde foi um fator de ansiedade e incertezas sobre a dor. Isso repercutiu em novas estratégias de enfrentamento, como os teleatendimentos. Nesse contexto, a Atenção Primária à Saúde foi o cenário capaz de gerenciar a qualidade de vida a curto e a longo prazo dos indivíduos com dor crônica. 
CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo contribuiu para a compreensão do impacto da pandemia da COVID-19 em indivíduos com dor crônica, o qual representa desafios à assistência atual.

Palavras-chave

Atenção primária à saúde, COVID-19, Dor crônica, Dor musculoesquelética

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Submitted date:
04/26/2023

Accepted date:
11/22/2023

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