Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20240007-en
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Original Article

The pain reported by postpartum women in rooming-in according to the mode of delivery

Dor relatada por puérperas no alojamento conjunto segundo a via de nascimento

Mariana Nunes Miranda Carasek da Rocha; Roxana Knobel; Yasmin Lima Gouveia Arruda; Vitor Leonardo Nandi; Jessica Goedert Pereira; Manuela Beatriz Velho

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pain is the most frequently reported symptom in the immediate puerperium. The aim of this study was to quantify pain levels and sociodemographic, obstetric, and care characteristics associated with severe pain and inadequate analgesia according to the mode of delivery.
METHODS: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted between October and December 2020, with a sample of 229 postpartum women considered eligible (baby born alive, weighing > 500 g and/or gestational age > 22 weeks) to answer the study questionnaire.
RESULTS: The mean reported pain was 5.34 by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and there was a difference (p<0.001) between modes of delivery. Cesarean section was associated with severe pain (p=0.006) and pain above eight on the VAS (p=0.02). Vaginal delivery was associated with the perception of inadequate analgesia (p=0.04). Severe pain reported was associated with the admission of the baby to the ICU (p=0.01) and cases of postpartum hemorrhage (p=0.002). Among women who gave birth vaginally, there was an association between severe pain and instrumental delivery (p=0.05). Reported severe pain was associated with difficulties in self-care (p<0.001) and care of the newborn (p= 0.02), sensation of weakness (p<0.001), and fainting (p=0.002). The perception of inadequate analgesia was associated with vaginal birth (p=0.04) end non-white skin color (p=0,03).
CONCLUSION: The average reported pain was moderate. Intense pain and the perception of inadequate analgesia were associated with instrumental delivery, newborns being referred to the NICU, postpartum hemorrhage, and non-white skin color.

Keywords

Cesarean section, Cross-sectional study, Postpartum period, Vaginal delivery.

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A dor é o sintoma mais frequentemente relatado no puerpério imediato. O objetivo deste estudo foi quantificar os níveis de dor e as características sociodemográficas, obstétricas e da assistência associadas à dor intensa e à percepção de analgesia inadequada segundo a via de nascimento. 
MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional, descritivo, transversal, conduzido entre outubro e dezembro de 2020, com uma amostra de 229 puérperas consideradas elegíveis (nativivos com peso > 500g e/ou idade gestacional > 22 semanas) para responder ao questionário do estudo.
RESULTADOS: A média de dor relatada foi 5,3 pela Escala Analógica Visual (EAV) e houve diferença (p<0,001) entre as vias de nascimento. A cesariana apresentou associação com dor intensa referida (p=0,006) e dor acima de oito pela EAV (p=0,02). O parto vaginal obteve associação com percepção de analgesia inadequada (p=0,04). Entre as mulheres que referiram dor intensa, houve associação com recém-nascido encaminhado à unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal (UTIN) (p=0,01) e nos casos de hemorragia pós-parto (p=0,002). Entre as mulheres que tiveram parto vaginal, também houve associação entre dor intensa e o parto instrumental (p=0,05). Dor intensa referida teve associação com dificuldades para o autocuidado (p<0,001) e do recém-nascido (p=0,02), sensação de fraqueza (p<0,001) e de desmaio (p= 0,002). A percepção de analgesia inadequada esteve associada a parto vaginal (p=0,04) e cor da pele não branca (p=0,03).
CONCLUSÃO: A média de dor relatada foi moderada. Dor intensa e percepção de analgesia inadequada estiveram associadas com parto instrumental, recém-nascido encaminhado à UTIN, hemorragia pós-parto e cor de pele não branca. 

Palavras-chave

Cesariana, Dor, Estudo transversal, Parto normal, Período pós-parto

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Submitted date:
08/18/2023

Accepted date:
11/22/2023

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