Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20200048
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Review Article

Financial stress and pain, what follows an economic crisis? Integrative review

Estresse financeiro e dor, o que surge após uma crise econômica? Revisão integrativa

Maurício Kosminsky; Michele Gomes do Nascimento; Gabriela Neves Silva de Oliveira

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Numerous epidemiological studies have investigated the relationships of socioeconomic factors and pain perception. These studies mainly emphasize issues related to family income. The impact of specific economic issues on the individual and their relationship to pain has not been well studied. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the impact of financial stress on pain symptoms, considering how it interacts and contributes to pain experience, regardless of its type and chronicity.

CONTENTS: After pandemics, a global economic crisis often emerges, with relevant implications in populations’ health. An integrative review was carried out, with searches developed in Medline (via Pubmed), LILACS (via BVS), Scielo and PsycINFO databases, limited to Portuguese, Spanish and English languages, and no restriction for publication year. The PICO methodology was used to select descriptors from the research question. Selection and eligibility criteria were also established according to this strategy. The final review sample consisted of nine articles.

CONCLUSION: This review identified that financial stress represents a risk factor for several pain-related parameters, such as the prevalence of chronic pain, intensity and frequency of pain, use of pain drugs and interference in daily activities. This is a fundamental issue, and its recognition can direct the professional to a broader and more effective treatment line.

Keywords

Chronic pain, Economics, Pain, Psychological stress

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Inúmeros estudos epidemiológicos têm investigado as relações entre fatores socioeconômicos e a percepção da dor. Esses estudos enfatizam principalmente questões relacionadas à renda familiar. O impacto de questões econômicas específicas sobre o indivíduo e sua relação com a dor não têm sido bem avaliados. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar se o estresse financeiro interfere nos sintomas da dor, considerando como ele interage e contribui para a experiência da dor, independentemente de seu tipo e cronicidade.

CONTEÚDO: Após pandemias, muitas vezes surge uma crise econômica global, com implicações relevantes para a saúde das populações. Realizou-se uma revisão integrativa, com pesquisas desenvolvidas nas bases de dados Medline (via Pubmed), LILACS (via BVS), Scielo e PsycINFO, limitadas às línguas portuguesa, espanhola e inglesa, e sem restrição para ano de publicação. A metodologia PICO foi utilizada para selecionar os descritores da questão da pesquisa. Também foram estabelecidos critérios de seleção e elegibilidade, de acordo com tal estratégia. A amostra final da revisão consistiu em nove artigos.

CONCLUSÃO: Identificou-se que o estresse financeiro representa um fator de risco para vários parâmetros relacionados à dor, como a prevalência de dor crônica, intensidade e frequência de dor, uso de fármacos para o controle da dor e interferência nas atividades diárias. Trata-se de uma questão fundamental, e seu reconhecimento pode direcionar o profissional a uma linha de tratamento mais ampla e eficaz.

Palavras-chave

Dor, Dor crônica, Economia, Estresse psicológico

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Submitted date:
03/26/2020

Accepted date:
06/18/2020

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