Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20200177
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Original Article

Intensity of pain, disability and psychosocial factors in women with chronic pelvic pain: cross-sectional study

Intensidade da dor, incapacidade funcional e fatores psicossociais em mulheres com dor pélvica crônica: um estudo transversal

Jennifer Nogueira Rocha; Luiz Eduardo de Castro; Virgínia Martello Riccobene; Michele Souza Menezes Autran; Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira; Felipe José Jandre dos Reis

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic pelvic pain can be considered one of the main causes of morbidity and functional disability in women. The influence of psychosocial factors on chronic pelvic pain has been little explored in the literature. This study sought to characterize the profile of chronic pelvic pain in women, the presence of psychosocial factors and the association with pain and disability.

METHODS: This cross-sectional study included women with chronic pelvic pain. Data on pain, disability and psychosocial factors was collected using specific questionnaires. Analysis of frequency, central tendency and dispersion were presented. Pearson’s correlation test was used to verify the correlation between pain, disability and psychosocial factors. The statistical significance was set as alpha=95%.

RESULTS: The study consisted of 25 women, with a mean age of 45.4 years. The mean pain intensity at the time of the assessment was 4.76±3.39. The mean disability was 4.01±2.32. Anxiety presented a mean of 7.16±3.36 and stress 7.04±3.16. The level of disability had a negative correlation with pain intensity (r = -0.474; p=0.017), with the pain severity domain (r=-0.566; p=0.003) and with kinesiophobia (r = -0.550; p=0.001).

CONCLUSION: Women with chronic pelvic pain had moderate levels of pain intensity and disability. The psychosocial factors with the highest mean score were anxiety and stress. The intensity of pain and disability were correlated with each other and with kinesiophobia.

Keywords

Chronic pain, Pelvic pain, Psychosocial impact

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A dor pélvica crônica pode ser considerada uma das principais causas de morbidade e incapacidade funcional para as mulheres. A influência dos fatores psicossociais na dor pélvica crônica foi pouco explorada na literatura. O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar o perfil da dor pélvica crônica em mulheres, bem como buscar a presença de fatores psicossociais e a associação com dor e incapacidade.

MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal que incluiu mulheres com dor pélvica crônica. Os dados referentes da dor, incapacidade e os fatores psicossociais foram coletados utilizando questionários específicos. Foram apresentadas as análises de frequência, tendência central e dispersão dos dados. O teste de correlação de Pearson foi utilizado para verificar a correlação entre dor, incapacidade e fatores psicossociais. O valor de significância estatística adotado foi de alfa=95%.

RESULTADOS: O estudo foi composto por 25 mulheres, com média de idade de 45,4 anos. A intensidade de dor média no momento da avaliação foi de 4,76±3,39. A média de incapacidade foi de 4,01±2,32. A ansiedade apresentou média de 7,16±3,36 e estresse 7,04±3,16. O nível de limitação funcional teve correlação negativa com a intensidade da dor (r= -0,474; p=0,017), com o domínio gravidade da dor (r=-0,566; p=0,003) e com cinesiofobia (r= -0,550; p=0,001).

CONCLUSÃO: As mulheres com doença pélvica crônica apresentaram níveis moderados de intensidade de dor e limitação funcional. Os fatores psicossociais com maior pontuação média foram a ansiedade e estresse. A intensidade de dor e o nível de limitação funcional estiveram correlacionados entre si e com a cinesiofobia.

Palavras-chave

Dor crônica, Dor pélvica, Impacto psicossocial

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Submitted date:
03/02/2020

Accepted date:
05/29/2020

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