Brazilian Journal of Pain
https://brjp.org.br/article/doi/10.5935/2595-0118.20200193
Brazilian Journal of Pain
Original Article

Pain, disability and catastrophizing in individuals with knee osteoarthritis

Dor, incapacidade e catastrofização em indivíduos com osteoartrite do joelho

Natália Cristina de Oliveira Vargas e Silva; Thiago da Silva Gusmão Cardoso; Elisabete Agrela de Andrade; Linamara Rizzo Battistella; Fábio Marcon Alfieri

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Knee osteoarthritis is among the leading sources of chronic disability and may lead to depression, anxiety and pain catastrophizing, enhancing perceived pain. This study aimed at investigating the influence of pain catastrophizing on attitudes and perception of pain, and in the functionality of individuals with knee osteoarthritis.

METHODS: This observational study involved 18 patients, who were assessed for weight and height, and completed the Pain-related Catastrophizing Thoughts Scale (PCTS), Survey of Pain Attitudes (SPA), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and the visual analog scale (VAS). Symptoms and disability were assessed by the Lequesne Index, functional mobility was evaluated by the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test. Pressure pain tolerance thresholds (PPT) were assessed by a digital algometer.

RESULTS: Mean body mass index of the sample was classified as obese (32,2±4,3). When split by the median of PCTS, differences were observed in most domains of SPA. Patients with more catastrophic thoughts took longer to perform TUG and presented more pain, joint stiffness and worse functionality (WOMAC). Despite the tendency to report more pain (VAS) in patients above the median score of PCTS, no differences were observed between groups with higher or lower catastrophizing regarding PPT. Positive and significant associations between the Rumination factor of PCTS and WOMAC outcomes were observed, as well as between the Hopelessness factor and TUG, Lequesne and WOMAC.

CONCLUSION: The higher the presence of catastrophic thoughts, the worse the attitudes towards pain and the physical functionality of knee osteoarthritis patients.

Keywords

Catastrophization, Knee, Osteoarthritis, Pain, Physical functional performance

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A osteoartrite do joelho está entre as principais causas de incapacidade crônica e pode levar à depressão, ansiedade e catastrofização, intensificando a percepção da dor. Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar a influência da catastrofização da dor nas atitudes e na percepção da dor e a funcionalidade de indivíduos com osteoartrite do joelho.

MÉTODOS: Dezoito pacientes foram avaliados quanto ao peso e à estatura, e completaram a Escala de Pensamentos Catastróficos Sobre a Dor (EPCD), Inventário de Atitudes frente à Dor (IAD), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) e escala analógica visual (EAV). Os sintomas e a incapacidade foram avaliados pelo Índice de Lequesne, a mobilidade funcional foi avaliada pelo teste Timed Up and Go (TUG). Os limiares de tolerância à dor à pressão (LTDP) foram avaliados por um algômetro digital.

RESULTADOS: A média do índice de massa corporal da amostra foi classificado como obesa (32,2±4,3). Quando divididas pela mediana do EPCD, foram observadas diferenças na maioria dos domínios do IAD. Pacientes com pensamentos mais catastróficos demoraram mais para realizar o TUG e apresentaram mais dor, rigidez articular e pior funcionalidade (WOMAC). Apesar da tendência de relatar mais dor (EAV) em pacientes acima do escore mediano do EPCD, não foram observadas diferenças entre os grupos com maior ou menor catastrofização em relação aos LTDP. Foram observadas associações positivas e significantes entre o fator ruminação da EPCD e o WOMAC, bem como entre o fator Desesperança e TUG, Lequesne e WOMAC.

CONCLUSÃO: Quanto maior a presença de pensamentos catastróficos, piores as atitudes em relação à dor e funcionalidade física dos pacientes com osteoartrite do joelho.

Palavras-chave

Catastrofização, Desempenho físico funcional, Dor, Osteoartrite do joelho

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Submitted date:
04/01/2020

Accepted date:
08/11/2020

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